Timeline of penmen and penwomen and their work; writing masters, writing teachers, etc.

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LIST UNDER CONSTRUCTION

AS THIS IS A WIKI, YOU ARE INVITED TO HELP OR TO SEND ADDITIONAL INFORMATION. THERE IS MUCH STILL TO BE ADDED.

Timeline of American penmen and penwomen and their work; penmanship instructors; writing masters, writing teachers, etc.

Listed here are those with published work in the area of penmanship,
and whose work I have examples of. In addition are those listed as masters,
professors, teachers, or instructors of penmanship whose names I have found.

Certainly there are many hundreds if not thousands of people not included, and
you are invited to help build this page with items from your collection or from a
source that is not copyrighted or that is available for academic research.

Also, please consider the list of those without material provided as
worthy of pursuing for samples. All additions are welcome.



1635-present
[name of schoolmaster?], schoolmaster

Location: The Mather School, Dorchester, MA
Source: The Mather School [1], named after Richard Mather


1635-1638
[disputed by the second source as not having taught at all] Philemon Pormort, schoolmaster [scholemaster]

Location: [Free School], Public Latin School [Boston Latin School], Brookline, Boston, MA
Source: Catalogue of the Boston Public Latin School, Established in 1635: With an historical sketch, Boston Latin School Association, 1886 [2]
Additional source to consider: Schools and schoolboys of old Boston : an historical chronicle of the public schools of Boston from 1636 to 1844, to which is added a series of biographical sketches, with portraits of some of the old schoolboys of Boston by Brayley, Arthur Wellington, 1863-. Published 1894, page 11. [3]
Source: Early schools and school-books of New England, by George Emery Littlefield [4]


1638-1644
Daniel Maude, schoolmaster [scholemaster]

Location: Public Latin School, Brookline, Boston, MA
Source: Catalogue of the Boston Public Latin School, Established in 1635: With an historical sketch, Boston Latin School Association, 1886 [5]
Source: Schools and schoolboys of old Boston : an historical chronicle of the public schools of Boston from 1636 to 1844, to which is added a series of biographical sketches, with portraits of some of the old schoolboys of Boston by Brayley, Arthur Wellington, 1863-. Published 1894, page 13. [6]
Source: Early schools and school-books of New England, by George Emery Littlefield [7]


1638
Ezekiel Cheever, assumed to have instructed students in writing, language, etc.

Location: New Haven, Connecticut, 1638-1649
Location: Ipswich, Massachusetts, 1650-1660
Location: Charlestown, Massachusetts, 1661-1669
Location: Public Latin School, Boston, Massachusetts, 1670-1708 [8]
Source: John Tileston's School, D.C. Colesworthy, Boston: 1887, page 19-20 [9] [10]
See related book: Ezekiel Cheever. The Cheever mss. and letters. By John T. Hassam, A. M., Boston: 1903. [11]


1639?-?
Rev. Thomas Waterhouse, schoolmaster [of English, Latin, other tongues, and writing]

Location: Dorchester, Massachusetts
"a graduate of Cambridge University, England"
Source: Schools and schoolboys of old Boston : an historical chronicle of the public schools of Boston from 1636 to 1844, to which is added a series of biographical sketches, with portraits of some of the old schoolboys of Boston by Brayley, Arthur Wellington, 1863-. Published 1894, page 14. [12]


1639
Rolantsen, Adam, schoolmaster

Location: "in Beverwyck in 1639, afterwards in New Amsterdam," New York.
Source: Collections on the History of Albany: From Its Discovery to the Present Time ; with Notices of Its Public Institutions, and Biographical Sketches of Citizens Deceased, Volume 4, By Joel Munsell, page 157. [13]


1644-1650
Mr. Woodbridge, schoolmaster [scholemaster]

Location: Public Latin School, Brookline, Boston, MA
Source: Catalogue of the Boston Public Latin School, Established in 1635: With an historical sketch, Boston Latin School Association, 1886 [14]


1645-
John Eliot?, schoolmaster? [15] Roxbury Free School, later Roxbury Latin School

Location: Roxbury, MA
Further information of financial support of school, "The early settlers "pledged their houses and farms in its support." Among these were the Apostle Eliot, Samuel Hagbourne, Elder Isaac Heath and Samuel May." [16]
Source: Glimpses of early Roxbury by General Society of the Daughters of the Revolution. Massachusetts. Mary Warren Chapter, Roxbury, 1905. [17]
Source: Catalogue of the Boston Public Latin School, Established in 1635: With an historical sketch, Boston Latin School Association, 1886, page 6 [18]


1648-1655
Henry Butler, schoolmaster

Location: Dorchester, MA
Source: Schools and schoolboys of old Boston : an historical chronicle of the public schools of Boston from 1636 to 1844, to which is added a series of biographical sketches, with portraits of some of the old schoolboys of Boston by Brayley, Arthur Wellington, 1863-. Published 1894, page 23. [19]


1650
Adriaen Jansen, schoolmaster

Location: Albany, New York

"Two citizens are appointed by magistrates to oversee the building of a schoolhouse. Adriaen Jansen is the first schoolmaster."

Source: Albany Institute [20]


1650-1666 or 1667
Robert Woodmansey, schoolmaster [scholemaster]

Location: Public Latin School, Brookline, Boston, MA
Source: Catalogue of the Boston Public Latin School, Established in 1635: With an historical sketch, Boston Latin School Association, 1886, pages 22-23 [21]


1650 - ?, 1685-1686; 1693
Richard Norcross, schoolmaster

Location: Weston, MA
Source: History of the town of Weston, Massachusetts, 1630-1890, by Daniel S Lamson, 1913, page 164 [22]


1654? -
[first name] Corlet, master
[Free school]

Location: Cambridge, MA
Source: The History of the Ancient and Honorable Artillery Company: Rev. and Enl. from Its Formation in 1637 and Charter in 1638, to the Present Time; Comprising the Biographies of the Distinguished Civil, Literary, Religious, and Military Men of the Colony, Province, and Commonwealth, Zachariah Gardner Whitman, J.H. Eastburn, Printer, 1842, page 200. [23]


1655-1659
Ichabod Wiswall, schoolmaster

Location: Dorchester, MA
Source: Schools and schoolboys of old Boston : an historical chronicle of the public schools of Boston from 1636 to 1844, to which is added a series of biographical sketches, with portraits of some of the old schoolboys of Boston by Brayley, Arthur Wellington, 1863-. Published 1894, page 23. [24]


1659-1659
William Pole, schoolmaster

Location: Dorchester, MA
Source: Schools and schoolboys of old Boston : an historical chronicle of the public schools of Boston from 1636 to 1844, to which is added a series of biographical sketches, with portraits of some of the old schoolboys of Boston by Brayley, Arthur Wellington, 1863-. Published 1894, page 23 [25]


1660-1670
Jan Jurrianse Becker (Bekker), schoolmaster

Location: Beverwyck, New Amsterdam, New York
"Becker (Bekker)Jan Jurrianse, in 1656 was clerk at Fort Caslmir (on the Delaware); 1660 degraded from his office, fined and banished from South river for selling liquor to Indians; same year had leave to keep school at New Amsterdam; 1663 was inhabitant of Greenbush; afterwards notary public and schoolmaster for the youths at Beverwyck and "esteemed very capable that way, while Jacob Jooste Covelens was allowed for ye teaching of ye younger children." He made his will the 3d Aug., 1694, in which he speaks of son Johannes, and daughter Martina (wife of Willem Hogan), who was made administratrix of his estate Dec 16, 1697.
Source: Collections on the History of Albany: From Its Discovery to the Present Time ; with Notices of Its Public Institutions, and Biographical Sketches of Citizens Deceased, Volume 4, By Joel Munsell, page 95. [26]
1670

Jan Jurians Beecker, "teaching of youth, to read and to write, ye same"

Location: Albany, NY
Source: Celebration of the Semi-centennial Anniversary of the Albany Academy: Albany, June 23, 1863, J. Munsell, 1863, page 42 [27]


1660
John, Waters (Walters), "professional schoolmaster"

Location: Albany, New York?
"Waters, (Walters) John was a professional schoolmaster m. Sara Winne, Oct. 22, 1721. Ch. bp Jannetie, April 12, 1723; John, March 6, 1725; John, August 13, 1727; John, Sept. 24, 1782.
Source: Collections on the History of Albany: From Its Discovery to the Present Time ; with Notices of Its Public Institutions, and Biographical Sketches of Citizens Deceased, Volume 4, By Joel Munsell, page 184. [28]


1665 or 1666-1671
Daniel Henchman [Hinchman], assistant, in grammar and writing, later writing master

Location: Public Latin School, Brookline, Boston, MA
Source: Catalogue of the Boston Public Latin School, Established in 1635: With an historical sketch, Boston Latin School Association, 1886, page 23 [29]
Source: Schools and schoolboys of old Boston : an historical chronicle of the public schools of Boston from 1636 to 1844, to which is added a series of biographical sketches, with portraits of some of the old schoolboys of Boston by Brayley, Arthur Wellington, 1863-. Published 1894, page 16. [30]
Source: Schools and schoolboys of old Boston : an historical chronicle of the public schools of Boston from 1636 to 1844, to which is added a series of biographical sketches, with portraits of some of the old schoolboys of Boston by Brayley, Arthur Wellington, 1863-. Published 1894, page 13. [31]


Benjamin Thomson, schoolmaster [scholemaster]

Location: Public Latin School, Brookline, Boston, MA
Source: Catalogue of the Boston Public Latin School, Established in 1635: With an historical sketch, Boston Latin School Association, 1886, page 23 [32]


1665
John Shutte, "English schoolmaster"

Location: Albany, NY
Source: Celebration of the Semi-centennial Anniversary of the Albany Academy: Albany, June 23, 1863, J. Munsell, 1863, page 41 [33]


1667 - ?
Will Howard, in charge of a writing school

"Mr. Will Howard" was given "liberty to keep a wrighting school, to teach childeren to writte and to keep accounts." from the source B.R., VII 36 (Apr. 29, 1667).
Location: "He lived on the southwest side of Hudson's Lane (now Elm Street)." Boston, Massachusetts [4]
"Many deeds and other documents indicate that he was in demand as a scrivener when not engaged in the schoolroom."
Source: The Private Schools Of Colonial Boston, by Robert Francis Seybolt, Harvard University Press, 1935. Page 3. Book.


1668-1669
Hope Atherton, schoolmaster

Location: Dorchester, MA
Source: Schools and schoolboys of old Boston : an historical chronicle of the public schools of Boston from 1636 to 1844, to which is added a series of biographical sketches, with portraits of some of the old schoolboys of Boston by Brayley, Arthur Wellington, 1863-. Published 1894, page 23. [34]


1669-1674
John Foster, schoolmaster

Location: Dorchester, MA
Source: Schools and schoolboys of old Boston : an historical chronicle of the public schools of Boston from 1636 to 1844, to which is added a series of biographical sketches, with portraits of some of the old schoolboys of Boston by Brayley, Arthur Wellington, 1863-. Published 1894, page 23. [35]


1680
William Haynes, writing master

Location: Hampton, [Massachusetts?], 1680 and before
Location: Boston, Massachusetts, 1681 and after

"which implies that Haynes established his residence and school at the Salutation tavern."

Source: The Private Schools Of Colonial Boston, by Robert Francis Seybolt, Harvard University Press, 1935. Page 4. Book. [36]


1680-1681
John Minot, schoolmaster

Location: Dorchester, MA
Source: Schools and schoolboys of old Boston : an historical chronicle of the public schools of Boston from 1636 to 1844, to which is added a series of biographical sketches, with portraits of some of the old schoolboys of Boston by Brayley, Arthur Wellington, 1863-. Published 1894, page 23. [37]


1681-1684
William Denison, schoolmaster

Location: Dorchester, MA
Source: Schools and schoolboys of old Boston : an historical chronicle of the public schools of Boston from 1636 to 1844, to which is added a series of biographical sketches, with portraits of some of the old schoolboys of Boston by Brayley, Arthur Wellington, 1863-. Published 1894, page 23. [38]


1683-4 - John Cole, writing master

Location: free writing-school, Boston
Source: Catalogue of the Boston Public Latin School, Established in 1635: With an historical sketch, Boston Latin School Association, 1886 [39]
Source: Second report of the record commissioners, page 111


1683
Enoch Flower, schoolmaster at primary school

Location: Philadelphia, PA
Source: History of Franklin county, Pennsylvania; containing a history of the county...,by Bates, Samuel P. (Samuel Penniman), 1827-1902; Richard, J. Fraise (Jacob Fraise), 1844-, Warner, Beers & Co. 1887, page 66, [40]


1684 (or before)
William Turpin, schoolmaster, writing and reading teacher

Location: Providence, Rhode Island
"The first schoolmaster in Providence, of whom any memorial remains, was William Turpin. When he came, is not known, but he was here the 11th day of June 1684. On that day he executed an indenture with William Hawkins and Lydia his wife, in which he covenanted to furnish Peregrine Gardner, with board and schooling for one year, for six pounds ; forty shillings of which in beef and pork ; pork, at two pence, and beef, at three-pence half-penny, per lb ; twenty shillings in corn, at two shillings per bushel, and the balance in silver money. — He was to be instructed in reading and writing. — This instrument is in the hand writing of Mr. Schoolmaster Turpin, and exhibits plenary proof of his ability to teach writing. It also proves conclusively that schoolmasters in those days were not very exorbitant in their demands."
Source: Annals of the town of Providence, from its first settlement, to the organization of the city government, in June, 1832, by Staples, William R. (William Read), 1798-1868. Pages 493 and 494. [41]


1684-1685
John Williams, schoolmaster

Location: Dorchester, MA
Source: Schools and schoolboys of old Boston : an historical chronicle of the public schools of Boston from 1636 to 1844, to which is added a series of biographical sketches, with portraits of some of the old schoolboys of Boston by Brayley, Arthur Wellington, 1863-. Published 1894, page 23. [42]


1686-?
Jonathan Pierpoint, schoolmaster

Location: Dorchester, MA
Source: Schools and schoolboys of old Boston : an historical chronicle of the public schools of Boston from 1636 to 1844, to which is added a series of biographical sketches, with portraits of some of the old schoolboys of Boston by Brayley, Arthur Wellington, 1863-. Published 1894, page 24. [43]


1687?-1692
Edward Mills, schoolmaster

Location: Dorchester, MA
Source: Schools and schoolboys of old Boston : an historical chronicle of the public schools of Boston from 1636 to 1844, to which is added a series of biographical sketches, with portraits of some of the old schoolboys of Boston by Brayley, Arthur Wellington, 1863-. Published 1894, page 24. [44]


1688?
DeRidder (Ridder), Evert, schoolmaster

Location: Albany, New York?

(m Anna Van Nes Esch ... 1688) Collections on the History of Albany: From Its Discovery to the Present Time ; with Notices of Its Public Institutions, and Biographical Sketches of Citizens Deceased, Volume 4, By Joel Munsell, page 116. [45]
1688
Thomas Atkins, writing master

Location: North End, Boston, Massachusetts
Source: The Private Schools Of Colonial Boston, by Robert Francis Seybolt, Harvard University Press, 1935. Page 5-6. Book. [5]


1688-1707/1720?
Eliezer Moody, in charge of a school, teacher of writing, scrivener

Location: near Prison Lane (now Court Street), Boston, Massachusetts
Source: The Private Schools Of Colonial Boston, by Robert Francis Seybolt, Harvard University Press, 1935. Page 5. Book. [6]


1689 (one year only)
George Keith, schoolmaster

Location: Friends Public School, Philadelphia, PA
Source: History of Franklin county, Pennsylvania; containing a history of the county...,by Bates, Samuel P. (Samuel Penniman), 1827-1902; Richard, J. Fraise (Jacob Fraise), 1844-, Warner, Beers & Co. 1887, page 66, [46]


1689
Thomas Makin, schoolmaster

Location: Friends Public School, Philadelphia, PA
Source: History of Franklin county, Pennsylvania; containing a history of the county...,by Bates, Samuel P. (Samuel Penniman), 1827-1902; Richard, J. Fraise (Jacob Fraise), 1844-, Warner, Beers & Co. 1887, page 66, [47]


1690
Nathaniel Stone, schoolmaster

Location: Weston, MA
Source: History of the town of Weston, Massachusetts, 1630-1890, by Daniel S Lamson, 1913, page 164 [48]


1691 (or before)
Thomas Wass, schoolmaster

Location: Newbury, Massachusetts?
Source: Slektsforum
"1016. Thomas Wass [508/2032] [Banks' Martha's Vineyard states that the father of John Wass, no. 508, was a certain Thomas Wass; this was probably not the same Thomas Wass, schoolmaster, who died 1691 at Newbury, Massachusetts, as that man was probably childless; the schoolmaster was, however, probably the son of ancestor no. 879, Mrs. Catherine (Bulfinch) (Wass) Bell.]" [49]


1691
Van Eeckelen, Jan Jausen, schoolmaster

Location: Flatbush, New York

"in Beverwyck 1657-67; schoolmaster in Flatbush, 1691; the minister and elders of the church there desired his removal from office because he had been an active partisan of Leisler."

Source: Collections on the History of Albany: From Its Discovery to the Present Time ; with Notices of Its Public Institutions, and Biographical Sketches of Citizens Deceased, Volume 4, By Joel Munsell, page 184. [50]


1691-1732
Edward Mills, Grammar tutor, master of the public school in Queen Street

Location: Dorchester, Massachusetts
Location: Boston, Massachusetts
Source: The Private Schools Of Colonial Boston, by Robert Francis Seybolt, Harvard University Press, 1935. Page 8-9. Book [51]


1692-1693
Joseph Lord, schoolmaster

Location: Dorchester, MA
Source: Schools and schoolboys of old Boston : an historical chronicle of the public schools of Boston from 1636 to 1844, to which is added a series of biographical sketches, with portraits of some of the old schoolboys of Boston by Brayley, Arthur Wellington, 1863-. Published 1894, page 24. [52]


1693-1694?
John Robinson, schoolmaster

Location: Dorchester, MA
Source: Schools and schoolboys of old Boston : an historical chronicle of the public schools of Boston from 1636 to 1844, to which is added a series of biographical sketches, with portraits of some of the old schoolboys of Boston by Brayley, Arthur Wellington, 1863-. Published 1894, page 24. [53]


1694-1695?
John Swift, schoolmaster

Location: Dorchester, MA
Source: Schools and schoolboys of old Boston : an historical chronicle of the public schools of Boston from 1636 to 1844, to which is added a series of biographical sketches, with portraits of some of the old schoolboys of Boston by Brayley, Arthur Wellington, 1863-. Published 1894, page 24. [54]


1696-1699 Peter Burr, taught writing and Latin

Location: North End, Boston, Massachusetts
Source: The Private Schools Of Colonial Boston, by Robert Francis Seybolt, Harvard University Press, 1935. Page 8. Book [55]


1696-1720,
Unknown School master and school mistresses

Location: Town of Manchester, Essex County, Massachusetts
Source: History of the Town of Manchester, Essex County, Massachusetts, 1645-1895, Darius Francis Lamson, The town, 1895, page 206 [56]


1698
Jonathan Johnson, schoolmaster

Location: Town of Marlborough, Middlesex county, Massachusetts
Source: History of the town of Marlborough, Middlesex county, Massachusetts, from its first settlement in 1657 to 1861; with a brief sketch of the town of Northborough, a genealogy of the families in Marlborough to 1800, and an account of the celebration of the two hundredth anniversary of the incoporation of the town by Hudson, Charles, 1795-1881; Allen, Joseph, 1790-1873, page 211 [57]


1698/1699-1700/1701
Richard Billings, schoolmaster

Location: Dorchester, MA
Source: Schools and schoolboys of old Boston : an historical chronicle of the public schools of Boston from 1636 to 1844, to which is added a series of biographical sketches, with portraits of some of the old schoolboys of Boston by Brayley, Arthur Wellington, 1863-. Published 1894, page 24. [58]


1699
Edward Goddard, schoolmaster

Location: Weston, MA
Source: History of the town of Weston, Massachusetts, 1630-1890, by Daniel S Lamson, 1913, page 166 [59]


1700
Cornelis Bogardus, schoolmaster

Location: Albany, NY
Source: Celebration of the Semi-centennial Anniversary of the Albany Academy: Albany, June 23, 1863, J. Munsell, 1863, page 42 [60]

“He was schoolmaster in Albany in 1700; soon after with his wife Ragel Tjerckse DeWit he removed to Kingston his wife's native place. He died Oct 13, 1707. Ch: Jenneken bp. in New York May 13, 1694. Ragel bp in Albany April 27, 1701, and was buried there Feb 13 1757: Cornelis.

Source: Collections on the History of Albany: From Its Discovery to the Present Time ; with Notices of Its Public Institutions, and Biographical Sketches of Citizens Deceased, Volume 4, By Joel Munsell, page 99. [61]


1700-
Richard Henchman [Hinchman?], writing master

Location: ?, Boston
Source: Catalogue of the Boston Public Latin School, Established in 1635: With an historical sketch, Boston Latin School Association, 1886 [62]
Source: Drakes Boston, page 512


1701- 1705?
Samuel Wiswall, schoolmaster

Location: Dorchester, MA
Source: Schools and schoolboys of old Boston : an historical chronicle of the public schools of Boston from 1636 to 1844, to which is added a series of biographical sketches, with portraits of some of the old schoolboys of Boston by Brayley, Arthur Wellington, 1863-. Published 1894, page 24. [63]


1702
John Holman, schoolmaster

Location: Town of Marlborough, Middlesex county, Massachusetts
Source: History of the town of Marlborough, Middlesex county, Massachusetts, from its first settlement in 1657 to 1861; with a brief sketch of the town of Northborough, a genealogy of the families in Marlborough to 1800, and an account of the celebration of the two hundredth anniversary of the incoporation of the town by Hudson, Charles, 1795-1881; Allen, Joseph, 1790-1873, page 211 [64]


1704
George Muirson, schoolmaster

Location: Albany, New York
Source: The Support of Schools in Colonial New York by the Society for the Propagation of the Gospel in Foreign Parts, by William Webb Kemp, Teachers College, Columbia University, 1913, page 71, [65]


1705-1708/1712?
Andrew Clarke, schoolmaster

Location: New York City, New York
Source: The Support of Schools in Colonial New York by the Society for the Propagation of the Gospel in Foreign Parts, by William Webb Kemp, Teachers College, Columbia University, 1913, page 72, [66]


1706
Mr. Mors, schoolmaster

Location: Weston, MA
Source: History of the town of Weston, Massachusetts, 1630-1890, by Daniel S Lamson, 1913, page 166 [67]


1706
Rev. J. Postelthwaite, Master of St. Paul's Free School

Location: city?, New York
Source: The Support of Schools in Colonial New York by the Society for the Propagation of the Gospel in Foreign Parts, by William Webb Kemp, Teachers College, Columbia University, 1913, page 55, [68]


1707-1708
Thomas Robie, schoolmaster

Location: Weston, MA
Source: History of the town of Weston, Massachusetts, 1630-1890, by Daniel S Lamson, 1913, page 166 [69]


1708
John Bashford, schoolmaster

Location: New York City area, New York
Source: The Support of Schools in Colonial New York by the Society for the Propagation of the Gospel in Foreign Parts, by William Webb Kemp, Teachers College, Columbia University, 1913, page 77, [70]


1708
Alexander Beard, schoolmaster

Location: Hempstead, New York
Source: The Support of Schools in Colonial New York by the Society for the Propagation of the Gospel in Foreign Parts, by William Webb Kemp, Teachers College, Columbia University, 1913, page 77, [71]


1708
Joseph Cleator, schoolmaster

Location: Rye, New York
Source: The Support of Schools in Colonial New York by the Society for the Propagation of the Gospel in Foreign Parts, by William Webb Kemp, Teachers College, Columbia University, 1913, page 77, [72]


1708
Thomas Huddleston, schoolmaster

Location: Southhold, Suffolk County, New York
Source: The Support of Schools in Colonial New York by the Society for the Propagation of the Gospel in Foreign Parts, by William Webb Kemp, Teachers College, Columbia University, 1913, page 77, [73]


1708
John Humphreys, schoolmaster

Location: New York City, New York
Source: The Support of Schools in Colonial New York by the Society for the Propagation of the Gospel in Foreign Parts, by William Webb Kemp, Teachers College, Columbia University, 1913, page 78, [74]


1708
Cornelius Lodge, schoolmaster

Location: New York City area, New York
Source: The Support of Schools in Colonial New York by the Society for the Propagation of the Gospel in Foreign Parts, by William Webb Kemp, Teachers College, Columbia University, 1913, page 77, [75]


1708
Thomas Meeken, schoolmaster

Religion: Quaker
Location: Flushing, New York
Source: The Support of Schools in Colonial New York by the Society for the Propagation of the Gospel in Foreign Parts, by William Webb Kemp, Teachers College, Columbia University, 1913, page 77, [76]


1708
John Stevens, schoolmaster

Location: New York City area, New York
Source: The Support of Schools in Colonial New York by the Society for the Propagation of the Gospel in Foreign Parts, by William Webb Kemp, Teachers College, Columbia University, 1913, page 77, [77]


1708-1734
Nathaniel Williams, physician, schoolmaster

Location: Public Latin School, Brookline, Boston, MA
Source: Catalogue of the Boston Public Latin School, Established in 1635: With an historical sketch, Boston Latin School Association, 1886, page 31 [78]


1709
John Green, Schoolmaster, taught "reading, writing, arithmetick, merchants accompts, geometry, trigonometry, plain and sphaerical, dyalling, gauging, astronomy and navigation are taught: and bonds, bills, indentures, charter-parties, &c. are drawn; and youth boarded, in Cross-Street, Boston."

Location: Cross Street, Boston, Massachusetts
Source: The Private Schools Of Colonial Boston, by Robert Francis Seybolt, Harvard University Press, 1935. Page 12. [79]


1709 (before)
Jeremiah Rose, grammar schoolmaster

Location: Scituate, Massachusetts

"Jeremiah Rose was born 1675 in Scituate, Massachusetts and died 23 Feb 1709 in Scituate, Massachusetts. He married Elizabeth Collamore, daughter of Captain Anthony Collamore. Jeremiah was an early grammar schoolmaster in Scituate."

Source: Rose Family [80]


1709
Thomas Makin, schoolmaster

Location: Hist. Grace Church, Onderdonk, Jamaica, Long Island, New York
Source: The Support of Schools in Colonial New York by the Society for the Propagation of the Gospel in Foreign Parts, by William Webb Kemp, Teachers College, Columbia University, 1913, page 77, [81]


1709-1714
Benjamin Shattuck, schoolmaster

Location: Weston, MA
Source: History of the town of Weston, Massachusetts, 1630-1890, by Daniel S Lamson, 1913, page 166 [82]


1710
Thomas Huddleston, schoolmaster (assumed same as 1708?)

Location: Trinity School, [city?], New York
Source: Charity & Merit: Trinity School at 300, by Timothy C. Jacobson, UPNE, 2009, page 31


1713 - 1738?
George Brownell, teacher of "writing, cyphering, dancing, treble violin, flute, spinnet, &c. Also English and French quilting, imbroidery, florishing, plain work, marking in several sorts of stiches and several other works, where scholars may board."

"Benjamin Franklin (b. Jan. 6, 1705//6) was one of his pupils. The Life of Benjamin Franklin, Written by Himself (Phila., 1794), 14-15: "I was put to the grammar-school at eight years of age . . . I continued, however . . . not quite one year . . .my father . . . took me from the grammar-school, and sent me to a school for writing and arithmetic, kept by a then famous man, Mr. George Brownell, very successful in his profession generally, and that by mild, encouraging methods. Under him I acquired fair writing pretty soon, but I failed in the arithmetic, and made no progress in it. At ten years old I was taken home to assist my father in his business."
Location: Wings-Lane, Boston, Massachusetts (1713 - 1718?); New York, New York (1721-1733?); Boston, Massachusetts (1735 - 1738?); Philadelphia, Pennsylvania (1735)
Source: The Private Schools Of Colonial Boston, by Robert Francis Seybolt, Harvard University Press, 1935. Page 12. [83]


1714 - 1751
[fourteen different teachers, all Harvard graduates], schoolmaster [town records lost and incomplete]

Location: Weston, MA
Source: History of the town of Weston, Massachusetts, 1630-1890, by Daniel S Lamson, 1913, page 167 [84]


1715-
1716/1722- ?
Rev Robert Jenney, schoolmaster

Location: Philadelphia, PA; New York City, New York
Source: The Support of Schools in Colonial New York by the Society for the Propagation of the Gospel in Foreign Parts, by William Webb Kemp, Teachers College, Columbia University, 1913, page 74, [85]


1717
Ames Angier, the first master of the school at the corner of West and Common streets

Location: West and Common Streets, Boston?, MA
Source: The History of the Ancient and Honorable Artillery Company: Rev. and Enl. from Its Formation in 1637 and Charter in 1638, to the Present Time; Comprising the Biographies of the Distinguished Civil, Literary, Religious, and Military Men of the Colony, Province, and Commonwealth, Zachariah Gardner Whitman, J.H. Eastburn, Printer, 1842, page 252. [86]


1718 Benjamin Brown, schoolmaster

Location: Weston, MA
Source: History of the town of Weston, Massachusetts, 1630-1890, by Daniel S Lamson, 1913, page 167 [87]


1721-?
Jabez Doodg [Dodge], Schoolmaster

Original: Mar 27, 1721. Jabez Doodg was Chos scool master. it is voted to leuef ye a greing with ye scool master to ye selectmen and yt the selectmen shall not Give him no more than 20 pounds per yere."
Location: Town of Manchester, Essex County, Massachusetts
Source: History of the Town of Manchester, Essex County, Massachusetts, 1645-1895, Darius Francis Lamson, The town, 1895, page 206 [88]


1721
Johannis Glandorf, schoolmaster, for "speling, reading, writeing and cyffering"

Location: Albany, NY
Source: Celebration of the Semi-centennial Anniversary of the Albany Academy: Albany, June 23, 1863, J. Munsell, 1863, page 42 [89]


1724- 1729?
Nathanel Lee, schoolmaster

Original: "Mar 25 1724 nathanel Lee was Chosen Scool master for sd town for to teach ye Cheldren to Read English and to writ Englesh."
Location: Town of Manchester, Essex County, Massachusetts
Source: History of the Town of Manchester, Essex County, Massachusetts, 1645-1895, Darius Francis Lamson, The town, 1895, page 207 [90]


1727 (placeholder for further research)

Publication of Practical Penman and Scientific Script Type Copy Book, Albany, New York [91]


1729 (or earlier?) - 1758
Joseph Davenport , writing master

Location: William & Mary College, Williamsburg, Virginia
"In 1735, the Virginia House of Burgesses paid Joseph Davenport and Bedford Davenport for transcribing Colonel William Byrd's survey of the Virginia-North Carolina boundary. Joseph Davenport is well identified--he was the Clerk for the Town of Williamsburg when it was formally organized in 1722, and was the Writing Master at William & Mary College until his retirement in 1758."
Source: Roots Web, Davenport-L Archives [92]
"First college in the United States to have a full faculty, consisting of a president, six professors, and writing master: 1729."
Source: Bulletin of the College of William and Mary in Virginia--Catalogue Issue; Bulletin Vol. 43, No. 3, April 1949. [93]
Source: Minutes of the College Faculty, 1758, Thomas Dawson and Emmanuel Jones, The William and Mary Quarterly, Vol. 1, No. 1 (Jan., 1921), pp. 24-26. [94]


1729-1730
Jonathan Parepint [Parepoynte], schoolmaster

Original: "Dec 22, 1729. Voted to Give Mr Jonathan Parepint forty five pounds for him to keep a free schole in manchr for one year insuing."
Location: Town of Manchester, Essex County, Massachusetts
Source: History of the Town of Manchester, Essex County, Massachusetts, 1645-1895, Darius Francis Lamson, The town, 1895, page 207 [95]


1730
John Beasley, schoolmaster

Location: St. Peters, Albany, New York

"John Beasley was born about 1678. In 1714, this middle-aged man was identified as a private in the Coxsackie company of the Albany County militia. In 1723, the forty-five year old Beasley married widow Lydia Dealy (Dailey) Van Benthuysen in the Albany Dutch Church. The first of their two children was baptized there seven months later. However, Beasley's Albany family was much larger as Lydia's five Van Benthuysen children also were living in their first ward home. John Beasley's Albany life was closely connected to the newly opened St. Peters Anglican Church. In 1730, he was identified as the schoolmaster at St. Peters. In the years that followed, he was paid by the SPG for instructing as many as fifty "negroes" in the catechism. As late as 1768, Beasley and his wife still were mentioned as communicants at St. Peters. During the 1730s and 40s, John Beasley's name was associated with community-based activities including appearing as a qualified voter in 1742. By the 1750s, Beasley appears to have left Albany. His Southside holdings devolved to his son, Henry, and son-in-law, Richard Cartwright. He was dead by August 1768 when letters of administration on the estate were granted to his son.

Source: Encyclopedia of Albany History [96]


1731/32-1761?
Thomas Noxon, schoolmaster

Location: New York City New York
Source: The Support of Schools in Colonial New York by the Society for the Propagation of the Gospel in Foreign Parts, by William Webb Kemp, Teachers College, Columbia University, 1913, page 97, [97]


1734-1775
John Lovell, headmaster

Location: Public Latin School, Brookline, Boston, MA
Source: Catalogue of the Boston Public Latin School, Established in 1635: With an historical sketch, Boston Latin School Association, 1886, page 34 [98]


1735
Flint Dwight, schoolmaster

Location: Rye, New York
Source: The Support of Schools in Colonial New York by the Society for the Propagation of the Gospel in Foreign Parts, by William Webb Kemp, Teachers College, Columbia University, 1913, page 67, [99]


1736-?
School Dams and Schoolmaster unknown

Original: "Mar. 9, 1736, voted that the £50 voted for the support of a free schoole in Manchester the one half of sd £50 to be Expended to support 4 schoole Dams to keep a free schoole one at that part of our town caled Nuport & one in that part of our Town near the Meeting house & one in that part of our town Caled the plans & one in that part of our town Caled Cittal Cove the other half of sd £50 to be Expended to support a schoole master to keep a free schoole in the schoole house in manchester the fall & winter seson."
Location: Town of Manchester, Essex County, Massachusetts
Source: History of the Town of Manchester, Essex County, Massachusetts, 1645-1895, Darius Francis Lamson, The town, 1895, page 207 [100]


1737
Mr. [first name?] Ellis, schoolmaster

Location: Burlington, New Jersey
Source: The Support of Schools in Colonial New York by the Society for the Propagation of the Gospel in Foreign Parts, by William Webb Kemp, Teachers College, Columbia University, 1913, page 57, [101]


1739

"In 1739 there were five public schools in Boston, in which nearly 600 pupils were taught. In the South School there were 120 scholars;
in the North School, 60; in the North Writing School, 280; in Queen Street School, 73; in the South Writing School, 62.
In May, 1749, the number of scholars had increased to 705, and in 1757 to 741." [102]
Source: John Tileston's School, D.C. Colesworthy, Boston: 1887, page 15


1743 (or before)
John Proctor, master at a writing school?

Location: Boston, Massachusetts
Source: John Tileston's School, D.C. Colesworthy, Boston: 1887, page 15 [103]


1743 - 1762
Zachariah Hicks, usher, writing master

Location: John Proctor's writing school, Boston, Massachusetts
Source: John Tileston's School, D.C. Colesworthy, Boston: 1887, page 15 [104]; page 34 [105]
Source: Rambles in old Boston, New England, by Porter, Edward Griffin, 1837-1900, Published 1887. Page 243 [106]

1743
Abiah Holbrook, writing master, calligrapher

Location: Boston, Massachusetts
"Holbrook was the quintessential Anglo-American writing master (strictly in the British tradition), one of the few eighteen century American calligraphers equal in genius to the best scribes working then in Europe. Holbrook, as the head of the South Writing School in Boston from 1743 until his death in 1769, was a very influential teacher." [107]


1744
Thomas Temple, schoolmaster

Location: Hempstead?, New York
Source: The Support of Schools in Colonial New York by the Society for the Propagation of the Gospel in Foreign Parts, by William Webb Kemp, Teachers College, Columbia University, 1913, page 67, [108]


1745
Van Dalsen (or Van Dalsemo), Willem, schoolmaster

Location: New York City, New York
Religion: Lutheran

"cert. min. Johannes Ritzema; witnesses: Elbert Haring, Ahasuerus Turk - 1 Aug. 1745 (NYPL; Gg:161, 213)."

Source: Denizations, Naturalizations, and Oaths of Allegiance in Colonial New York. By Kenneth Scott, Kenn Stryker-Rodda. Genealogical Publishing Com, 1975. Page 68. [109]


1747
Samuel Purdy, schoolmaster

Location: Rye?, New York
Source: The Support of Schools in Colonial New York by the Society for the Propagation of the Gospel in Foreign Parts, by William Webb Kemp, Teachers College, Columbia University, 1913, page 67, [110]


1748? - 1776?
Phinehas Green, teacher of penmanship

Location: Leicester, Massachusetts
Source: The Vinton memorial, comprising a genealogy of the descendants of John Vinton of Lynn, 1648: also, genealogical sketches of several allied families, namely,
those bearing the names of Alden, Adams, Allen, Boylston, Faxon, French, Hayden, Holbrook, Mills, Niles, Penniman, Thayer, White, Richardson, Baldwin, Carpenter,
Safford, Putnam, and Green : interspersed with notices of many other ancient families with an appendix containing a history of the Braintree Iron Works, and other
historical matter, John Adams Vinton, 1858, page 424. [111]


1749-1819
John Tileston, usher, principal, writing master

Location: North Writing School, Boston, Massachusetts
Instructor or many fine penmen, including Caleb Bingham
Source: John Tileston's School, D.C. Colesworthy, Boston: 1887, page 34 [112]
"Master Tileston enjoyed the distinction of being called the father of good writing in Boston. That this was well deserved would still appear from the fact that several of his pupils who are still living write a remarkably smooth and legible hand, free from flourishes. If any one will take the pains to examine the old church or masonic records, or the account-books kept in Boston banks and commercial houses for three quarters of a century, he will find in many cases a distinct, bold, and beautiful chirography, almost equal to copper-plate engraving. This may often be traced directly through many pupils to the North Writing School and its famous master....Girls attended only from April to October, generally having a room to themselves...There were no public schools for girls then in Boston for girls in the winter; but there were no lack of small private schools, taught by women...."
Source: Rambles in old Boston, New England, by Porter, Edward Griffin, 1837-1900. Published 1887. Pages 140-141.


1749
"opened a writing school for young working women at Bethlehem" [113]

Bethlehem, Pennsylvania
Source: A History of Bethlehem, Pennsylvania, 1741-1892, page 229.


1750? - 1815?
Alexander Rogers, school teacher, likely of mathematics and penmanship; shoemaker (regular occupation)

Location: Waterford, Connecticut
Source: James Rogers of New London, Ct: And His Descendants, by James Swift Rogers, 1902, page 101 [114]


1750?-1768?
Samuel Holyoke (Ensign), senior writing master

Location: town school in Queen Court, Boston?
Source: The History of the Ancient and Honorable Artillery Company: Rev. and Enl ...By Zachariah Gardner Whitman, 1842, page 259. [115]


1751
Nicholas Barrington, schoolmaster, penman, scrivener

Location: Albany, NY [116] Flower Hill Flower Hill, Manhasset, Long Island,[117]
Source: The evening school in Colonial America, by Robert Francis Seybolt, Urbana, University of Illinois, 1925, page 53 [118]


1751
Robert Leeth, schoolmaster, scrivener

Location: New York City, NY
Source: The evening school in Colonial America, by Robert Francis Seybolt, Urbana, University of Illinois, 1925, page 53 [119]


1751
Garrat Noel, schoolmaster, penman, scrivener

Location: New York City, NY?
Source: The evening school in Colonial America, by Robert Francis Seybolt, Urbana, University of Illinois, 1925, page 53 [120]


1753
William Elphinstone, writing master

Location: New York, New York; Philadelphia, Pennsylvania; Boston, Massachusetts
William Alexander in New York vouches for the skill of the writing master Mr. Elfingston in a September 16, 1754 letter to Richard Peters, Esq. of Philadelphia
Source: Pennsylvania Archives, 1853 - [121]
Source: als: Historical Society of Pennsylvania
Source: “From Benjamin Franklin to Richard Peters, 17 September 1754,” Founders Online, National Archives, last modified December 28, 2016, http://founders.archives.gov/documents/Franklin/01-05-02-0117. [Original source: The Papers of Benjamin Franklin, vol. 5, July 1, 1753, through March 31, 1755, ed. Leonard W. Labaree. New Haven: Yale University Press, 1962, pp. 431–432.], [122]
"William Elphinstone (fl. 1750–1775), writing master of New York, advertised in Pa. Gaz., Sept. 26, 1754, that he could teach children to write legibly in five weeks and could improve the penmanship of adults, bringing it “to a neat regular form, accompanied with a free easy air, extremely well adapted to business.” He returned to New York in 1755, remaining there through 1775, except for a short stay in Boston, 1756, and a return to Philadelphia, 1758. Pa. Gaz., May 6, 1756, April 27, 1758; Robert F. Seybolt, Source Studies in American Colonial Education: The Private School (Urbana, Ill., 1923), pp. 84–5, 94. William Alexander of New York also wrote Peters, Sept. 16, 1754, introducing Elphinstone and recommending his specimens of penmanship, some of them “so surprising that they almost want a Voucher to make the honesty of them believed.” i Pa. Arch., ii, 170. [123]


1753-
Samuel Baldwin, schoolmaster

Location: Weston, Massachusetts
Source: Town of Weston: Records of the First Precinct, 1746-1754, and of the Town, 1754-1803, Weston (Mass.), A. Mudge & Son, printers, 1893, page 31 and 44 [124]


1753
[first name] Cotton, schoolmaster

Location: Weston, Massachusetts
Source: Town of Weston: Records of the First Precinct, 1746-1754, and of the Town, 1754-1803, Weston (Mass.), A. Mudge & Son, printers, 1893, page 31 [125]


1753 (or before)
Mr. Smit, schoolmaster

Location: Albany, New York
Source: Roots Web [126]


1754
William Dawson, schoolmaster, writing master, accomptant

Location: Pennsylvania?
Source: The evening school in Colonial America, by Robert Francis Seybolt, Urbana, University of Illinois, 1925, page 53 [127]


1757
Nathan Fisk, schoolmaster

Location: Weston, Massachusetts
Source: Town of Weston: Records of the First Precinct, 1746-1754, and of the Town, 1754-1803, Weston (Mass.), A. Mudge & Son, printers, 1893, page 65, 72 [128]


1757
[first name] Checkley, schoolmaster

Location: Weston, Massachusetts
Source: Town of Weston: Records of the First Precinct, 1746-1754, and of the Town, 1754-1803, Weston (Mass.), A. Mudge & Son, printers, 1893, page 72 [129]


1758
[first name] Wheeler, schoolmaster

Location: Weston, Massachusetts
Source: Town of Weston: Records of the First Precinct, 1746-1754, and of the Town, 1754-1803, Weston (Mass.), A. Mudge & Son, printers, 1893, page 73 [130]


1758

Location,Boston, Massachusetts.
"North Writing School 220 scholars in the North Grammar School, 36; in the South Writing School, 240; in the South Grammar School, 115; in the Writing School in Queen Street, 230. Total, :841 scholars. At this period there were also several private schools taught in town.
Source: John Tileston's School, D.C. Colesworthy, Boston: 1887, page 15-16 [131] [132]


1760
[first name] Dix, schoolmaster

Location: Weston, Massachusetts
Source: Town of Weston: Records of the First Precinct, 1746-1754, and of the Town, 1754-1803, Weston (Mass.), A. Mudge & Son, printers, 1893, page 84 [133]


1760 (before) -
Judge [Abraham?]Fuller, schoolmaster, private grammar school

Location: Newton, Massachusetts
Source: History of Newton, Massachusetts : town and city, from its earliest settlement to the present time, 1630-1880, by Smith, Samuel Francis, 1808-1895, page 718. [134]


1760
[first name] Whitney, schoolmaster

Location: Weston, Massachusetts
Source: Town of Weston: Records of the First Precinct, 1746-1754, and of the Town, 1754-1803, Weston (Mass.), A. Mudge & Son, printers, 1893, page 84 [135]


1761
[first name] Stimson, schoolmaster

Location: Weston, Massachusetts
Source: Town of Weston: Records of the First Precinct, 1746-1754, and of the Town, 1754-1803, Weston (Mass.), A. Mudge & Son, printers, 1893, page 91 [136]


1761-1773?
Joseph Hildreth, schoolmaster

Location: New York City New York
Source: The Support of Schools in Colonial New York by the Society for the Propagation of the Gospel in Foreign Parts, by William Webb Kemp, Teachers College, Columbia University, 1913, page 101, [137]


"Though the Society on appointing Hildreth stipulated that 56 pupils should be taught by him that number was not given in the reports until about 1759. But since he voluntarily gave catechetical instruction during this term to some 15 Negroes who came to him in the evenings he more than met the stipulation. The Charity School averaged an attendance of 46 for the first five years and of 50 for the next five. Between 1758 and 1763 the usual attendance was 60 48 boys and 12 girls between 1764 and 1768 it was 72 with one third girls 1 and from 1769 to 1777 the average was 85 55 boys and 30 girls 178. Hildreth's school was doubtless the largest in the Province during the greater part of his teaching He inferred as much in a report."
Source: The Support of Schools in Colonial New York by the Society for the Propagation of the Gospel in Foreign Parts, by William Webb Kemp, Teachers College, Columbia University, 1913, page 105, [138]

1762

Location: Boston, Massachusetts.
"The South Writing School 236 Scholars, the North Writing School 176, Scholars the Writing School in Queen Street 238, Scholars all in very good Order.
Source: Documents of the City of Boston, Volume 3, Selectmen's minutes, 1762, page 219. [139]


1763
[first name] Marrit, schoolmaster

Location: Weston, Massachusetts
Source: Town of Weston: Records of the First Precinct, 1746-1754, and of the Town, 1754-1803, Weston (Mass.), A. Mudge & Son, printers, 1893, page 105 [140]


1764
[first name Henry?] Cogen [Coggen?], schoolmaster

Location: Weston, Massachusetts
Source: Town of Weston: Records of the First Precinct, 1746-1754, and of the Town, 1754-1803, Weston (Mass.), A. Mudge & Son, printers, 1893, page 113 [141]


1764-65, 1769
Joseph Periam, master

Location: Princeton University grammar school, Princeoton, New Jersey; Latin grammar school, Elizabethtown, New Jeresy
Source: Princetonians, 1748-1768: A Biographical Dictionary, by James McLachlan, Princeton University Press, 2015, pages 440, 401.

1765 -
Charles Pelham, schoolmaster

Location: Newton, Massachusetts
Source: History of Newton, Massachusetts : town and city, from its earliest settlement to the present time, 1630-1880, by Smith, Samuel Francis, 1808-1895, page 718. [142]


1766
John Perrot, schoolmaster

Location: Old Greenwich School, Old Greenwich, Connecticut
Source: www.greenwichcitizen.com [143]


1767
Hugh Hughes, schoolmaster

Location: New York City, NY?
Source: The evening school in Colonial America, by Robert Francis Seybolt, Urbana, University of Illinois, 1925, page 54 [144]


? -1769
Tapping Reeve, master

Location: Latin grammar school, Elizabethtown, New Jeresy
Source: Princetonians, 1748-1768: A Biographical Dictionary, by James McLachlan, Princeton University Press, 2015, page 401.


1769
Joseph Roberts, schoolmaster

Location: Weston, Massachusetts
Source: Town of Weston: Records of the First Precinct, 1746-1754, and of the Town, 1754-1803, Weston (Mass.), A. Mudge & Son, printers, 1893, page 160 [145]


1769
Samuel Woodward, schoolmaster

Location: Weston, Massachusetts
Source: Town of Weston: Records of the First Precinct, 1746-1754, and of the Town, 1754-1803, Weston (Mass.), A. Mudge & Son, printers, 1893, page 160 [146]


1769
Joel Smith, schoolmaster

Location: Weston, Massachusetts
Source: Town of Weston: Records of the First Precinct, 1746-1754, and of the Town, 1754-1803, Weston (Mass.), A. Mudge & Son, printers, 1893, page 160 [147]


1769
Moses Brown, schoolmaster

Location: Weston, Massachusetts
Source: Town of Weston: Records of the First Precinct, 1746-1754, and of the Town, 1754-1803, Weston (Mass.), A. Mudge & Son, printers, 1893, page 160 [148]


1771
[William?] Fisk, schoolmaster

Location: Weston, Massachusetts
Source: Town of Weston: Records of the First Precinct, 1746-1754, and of the Town, 1754-1803, Weston (Mass.), A. Mudge & Son, printers, 1893, page 180 and 191 [149]


1771
[first name] Savage, schoolmaster

Location: Weston, Massachusetts
Source: Town of Weston: Records of the First Precinct, 1746-1754, and of the Town, 1754-1803, Weston (Mass.), A. Mudge & Son, printers, 1893, page 180 [150]


1771
[first name] [Wetmore] Wettmore, schoolmaster

Location: Weston, Massachusetts
Source: Town of Weston: Records of the First Precinct, 1746-1754, and of the Town, 1754-1803, Weston (Mass.), A. Mudge & Son, printers, 1893, page 180 [151]


1771
Isaac[Begelow]Bigelow, schoolmaster

Location: Senter School House, Weston, Massachusetts
Source: Town of Weston: Records of the First Precinct, 1746-1754, and of the Town, 1754-1803, Weston (Mass.), A. Mudge & Son, printers, 1893, page 180 [152]


1771
Isaac Flagg, schoolmaster

Location: Weston, Massachusetts
Source: Town of Weston: Records of the First Precinct, 1746-1754, and of the Town, 1754-1803, Weston (Mass.), A. Mudge & Son, printers, 1893, page 190 [153]


1772- ?
Dominie Tetard, schoolmaster of French boarding school

Location: New York
Source: The Story of the Bronx from the Purchase Made by the Dutch from the Indians in 1639 to the Present Day, Stephen Jenkins, G.P. Putnam's Sons, 1912 - Bronx (New York, N.Y.), page 343. [154]


1773
[first name] Prentice, schoolmaster, grammar school

Location: Weston, Massachusetts
Source: Town of Weston: Records of the First Precinct, 1746-1754, and of the Town, 1754-1803, Weston (Mass.), A. Mudge & Son, printers, 1893, page 192, 203 [155]


1774
Matthew Maguire, preceptor to young ladies, only in the English Language, Penmanship, and Arithmetick

Location: his dwelling house, in Carter's alley, between Second and Third Streets, Philadelphia, Pennsylvania
Source: The Pennsylvania Packet (Philadelphia, Pennsylvania), 19 Dec. 1774, Mon., Page 6.


1775?
William Dall, writing master, Yale College

Location: Yale College, New Haven, Connecticut
"William Dall, Revolutionary War veteran, merchant, businessman and former Yale College writing master"
Material: Dall Family Correspondence, 1810-1843, 2 boxes (2 linear feet), Call no.: MS 282 [156]
Source: University of Massachusetts, Amherst [157]
Source: Thomas Family of Talbot County, Maryland, and Allied Families, By Richard Henry Spencer [158]


1775
Joseph Russell, schoolmaster

Location: Weston, Massachusetts
Source: Town of Weston: Records of the First Precinct, 1746-1754, and of the Town, 1754-1803, Weston (Mass.), A. Mudge & Son, printers, 1893, page 213[159]


1775
[first name] Hobert

Location: Weston, Massachusetts
Source: Town of Weston: Records of the First Precinct, 1746-1754, and of the Town, 1754-1803, Weston (Mass.), A. Mudge & Son, printers, 1893, page 213[160]


1775-1779?
Nathan Allen, schoolmaster

Location: a reading and writing school, Weston, Massachusetts
Source: Town of Weston: Records of the First Precinct, 1746-1754, and of the Town, 1754-1803, Weston (Mass.), A. Mudge & Son, printers, 1893, page 213[161]


1776
A morning school

Location: Boston, Massachusetts; July 4, 1776

Title: Advertisement. Source: New-England Chronicle (published as The New England Chronicle). Database: America's Historical Newspapers, Readex.

1779
Abraham Biglow, schoolmaster [this name is listed separately from Isaac Biglow]

Location: a reading and writing school, Weston, Massachusetts
Source: Town of Weston: Records of the First Precinct, 1746-1754, and of the Town, 1754-1803, Weston (Mass.), A. Mudge & Son, printers, 1893, page 300 [162]


1779
Joseph Mudge, schoolmaster

Location: Weston, Massachusetts
Source: Town of Weston: Records of the First Precinct, 1746-1754, and of the Town, 1754-1803, Weston (Mass.), A. Mudge & Son, printers, 1893, page 300 [163]


1779
[first name] Wright, schoolmaster

Location: Weston, Massachusetts
Source: Town of Weston: Records of the First Precinct, 1746-1754, and of the Town, 1754-1803, Weston (Mass.), A. Mudge & Son, printers, 1893, page 264 [164]


1784-1788?
Caleb Bingham, teacher of penmanship and of other subjects; author

Location: Boston
Books include one for penmanship: Round text copies written by Caleb Bingham and engraved for him by S. Hill [165]
Source: Britannica [166]; John Tileston's School, D.C. Colesworthy, Boston: 1887, page 34 [167]


1785, approximately?
Moses Conner, teacher of common schools, penman, purported to be a "cripple"

Source: History of Wolfeborough (New Hampshire). Parker, Benjamin Franklin, 1817-1900. Published 1901. by the town of Wolfeborough, New Hampshire. [168]


1785
Gideon Sisson, teacher, including French and Latin

Location: Shoreham, Vermont
Source: History of the town of Shoreham, Vermont : from the date of its charter, October 8th, 1761, to the present time
by Goodhue, Josiah F. (Josiah Fletcher), 1791-1863; Middlebury Historical Society (Middlebury, Vt.), page 81 [169]


1785
John Ely, schoolmaster in Greek, Latin, grammar, arithmetic, writing

Location: Albany, NY
Source: Celebration of the Semi-centennial Anniversary of the Albany Academy: Albany, June 23, 1863, J. Munsell, 1863, page 42 [170]


1785-1789?
John Foster, schoolmaster, school-master

Location: Town of Manchester, Essex County, Massachusetts
Source: History of the Town of Manchester, Essex County, Massachusetts, 1645-1895, Darius Francis Lamson, The town, 1895, page 209 [171]


1785
Elihu Goodrich, schoolmaster in Greek, Latin, grammar, arithmetic, writing

Location: Albany, NY
Source: Celebration of the Semi-centennial Anniversary of the Albany Academy: Albany, June 23, 1863, J. Munsell, 1863, page 42 [172]


1786-1806
Joseph Pearson, penman, Secretary of State

Location: Exeter, New Hampshire
Source: History of the town of Exeter, New Hampshire. Bell, Charles Henry, 1823-1893. Published 1888. [173]


1787-89
Isaac Brooks, teacher, clerk, penman

Locations: Amherst; Aurean Academy; New Boston; Lyndeborough; Merrimack; writing-school in Temple
Source: History of Hillsborough County, New Hampshire, edited by Duane Hamilton Hurd, 1885, page 249 [174]


1787
Mr. Sarjeant, in charge of academy; penmanship styles: school, business, ornamental, law hands

Location: New Street, near Third Street, Mr. Sarjeant's Academy, Philadelphia, Pennsylvania; previously: "late assistant teacher at the Prince of Wales's Military Academy at Kensington, near London, who for these years past has been employed as private tutor of the nobility and gentry, or assisting in the most reputable academies, and ladies boarding schools in England"
Source: The Independent Gazeteer (Philadelphia, Pennsylvania), 23 Jul. 1787, Mon., Page 1


1788
Mr. Carter, teacher of penmanship, schoolmaster

Location: Boston, Massachusetts; Tremont Street, Centre Writing School, Boston, Massachusetts
Noted as the father of Miss Sally Carter by Nathan Webb, 1788, in his diary, held by the Massachusetts Historical Society, Ms. N-79.
Nathan? or Rufus Webb may have worked at the Centre Writing School and then later at the new Franklin School; worked also with Payson? See notes in 1813 on Rufus Webb as a writing master who worked with Payson. [175]
Source: Massachusetts Historical Society, Ms. N-79.
Source: Sketches of Boston, past present, and of some few places in its vicinity, published in 1851, page 235. [176]


1789
Mr. Vinal, master

Location: West Street, South Writing School, Boston, Massachusetts; "its location is where Adams [school] is now"
Source: Sketches of Boston, past present, and of some few places in its vicinity, published in 1851, page 235. [177]


1790?- [Master] Davis, schoolmaster (continued by his daughter Miss Harriet L. Davis until 1848)

Location: West Newton, Massachusetts
Source: History of Newton, Massachusetts : town and city, from its earliest settlement to the present time, 1630-1880, by Smith, Samuel Francis, 1808-1895, page 718. [178]


1790
Abiah Holbrook, writing master

Location: Phillips Academy, Andover, Mass.; Boston; Portsmouth
"Probably the son of Elisha Holbrook, of Kittery, M[ain]e, born in 1754, and nephew of Abiah Holbrook, famous writing master of Boston, who left him a bequest in 1769;
entered Boston Latin School in 1769; according to records of Selectmen of Boston, appointed usher in Queen Street writing school in 1778 (then "near of age");
usher in Samuel Holbrook's writing school in the Common, 1778-79; writing master in Portsmouth at close of Revolutionary war; appointed usher of writing school
in Queen Street, Boston, 1784" [179]


1790, assumed before and after

South School
Location: Portland, Maine
"Thomas Janverin was 13 and a student in the South School in Portland when he made this colorful copy-work drawing." [180]

Such work was frequently assigned in schools as it helped developed students' sense of design and hand skills.

Evidence of excellence in penmanship as demonstrated by the work of Thomas Janverin [181]
Source: www.mainememory.net


1792
Sarah Pierce, teacher, school administrator

"In 1792 she started teaching girls in her home and by 1798 the school became so successful that an Academy building was built. Her nephew John Pierce Brace became the director in 1827, but she continued to teach, focusing on her favorite subject - history. Sarah Pierce died in Litchfield on Jan. 19, 1852"
Location: The Litchfield Female Academy, Litchfield, Connecticut. Early records refer to the Academy as Miss Pierce's School, Miss Pierce's Academy, and Sarah Pierce's Academy.
Source: http://www.litchfieldhistoricalsociety.org/ [182]


1797-98
Jacob Newman Knapp, writing master

Location: Phillips Academy, Andover, Mass.
"Son of Capt. Isaac Knapp and Susanna Newman; born, Newburyport, Nov. 7, 1772; Phillips Academy, 1796-98; Harvard College, 1802; studied divinity with

Dr. Jedidiah Morse (trustee of Phillips Academy), Charlestown; distinguished master of boys' schools, Salem, Brighton, Jamaica Plain; resided from 1824, Walpole, N.H.; died July 27,1868." [183] [184]
1797
Miss Peggy Swan, penmanship teacher [[185]]

Mrs. Susanna Haswell Rowson's Academy for Young Ladies
Location: Boston, Massachusetts; Medford, Massachusets; Newton, Massachusets; [[186]] [187]


1797
Nathaniel Duren, penman, teacher of penmanship, teacher of music, deacon, selectman, representative

Location: New Ipswich, New Hampshire; Boston, Massachusetts; New York, New York
"At the age of ten he was adopted by his uncle Nathaniel Gould and rode from Bedford to New Ipswich on horseback behind his uncle. From that time he made his home on the farm practically as his uncle's son, although his name was retained without change until five years after his marriage. He began teaching in the neighboring district schools at the age of sixteen, and it soon became evident that he had found his true work. It has been said that "as a teacher it may be sufficient to say of him that of the 60,000 pupils who, according to his computation, have at different times come under his care no one ever meets him or speaks of him but with grateful recollections." He was especially successful, however, as teacher of music and of penmanship. He was a true pioneer in the introduction of juvenile singing schools, and he has had very few equals as a penman, retaining his skill in ornamental work until old age. At the present day he would undoubtedly be noted as an expert in questions of penmanship. On one occasion, chancing to be foreman of a jury before which a suit for the possession of a farm was brought, his clearly trained vision alone disclosed the forgery of a deed offered in evidence, and caused a rapid exit from the state of the claimants presenting the deed. He was a leading man in church and town affairs, being deacon for a considerable period, selectman for six years, and representative for three years. He removed to Boston before reaching his fortieth year, and pursued the two branches of instruction in that city, in New York, and in other cities.
Source: The History of New Ipswich, New Hampshire, 1735-1914: With Genealogical Records of the Principal Families, Charles Henry Chandler, Sarah Fiske Lee, Sentinel Print. Company, 1914 - New Ipswich (N.H.), page 449.

[188]


1803
Woman's school funded

Location: Weston, MA
Source: History of the town of Weston, Massachusetts, 1630-1890, by Daniel S Lamson, 1913, page 169 [189]


1803
Amos Blanchard, teacher of writing and music, writing master

Location: Phillips Academy, Andover, Mass.
"Son of Joshua Blanchard and Elizabeth Keyes; born, Wilton, N.H., Jan. 14, 1778; came to Andover as clerk for Judge Phillips; Phillips Academy, 1787-88; was clerk to treasurer, transcribed Academy records, and was agent for trustees in business matters for many years; first cashier of Andover Bank, 1826-43 deacon of South Church; trustee and treasurer of Abbot Academy from its foundation to his death, Aug. 17, 1847. [190]



1804-1841
Judith Saunders, teacher of penmanship, epistolary (letter writing), French, English, arithmetic, reading, manners, needlework, painting, and drawing [191]

Clementina Beach, teacher of penmanship, epistolary (letter writing), French, English, arithmetic, reading, manners, needlework, painting, and drawing [192]

Location: Mrs. Saunders' and Miss Beach's Academy, Dorchester, Massachusetts


1805
Samuel Lewis, writing instructor and cartographer [193]

Location: Philadelphia


1806, before
Daniel Lee, penman, clerk to Col. Cooley

Location: Pittsford, Vermont
Source: Title: History of the town of Pittsford, Vt., with biographical sketches and family records. By A.M. Caverly. Author: Caverly, Abiel Moore, 1817-1879. Collection: Making of America Books. Page 275. [194]


1806 James Carver, writing master, teaching “penmanship on a new system of geometrical distance and proportion"; teacher of analytic system of penmanship, author of A New and Easy Introduction to the Art of Analytical Penmanship, on an improved plan of geometrical distance and proportion, etc.

Location: at the City-Hotel, in the rooms previously occupied by Mr. G. Fitch; previously: New Haven, Connecticut; Hudson, New York; Albany, New York; Utica, New York;Academy, Philadelphia, Pennsylvania
Source: The Evening Post (New York, New York), 16 Oct. 1806, Thu., Page 3
Source: A New and Easy Introduction to the Art of Analytical Penmanship, on an improved plan of geometrical distance and proportion, etc. By James Carver, Published by, W. Hall, Jun. & G. W. Pierie, 1809. [195]


1806? - 1857?
Elnathan Freeman Duren, teacher of music and penmanship

Location: Park Street Church, Boston, Massachusetts; Dartmouth College, Hanover, New Hampshire; Andover Seminary
Source: American Ancestry: Giving Name and Descent, in the Male Line, of Americans Whose Ancestors Settled in the United States Previous to the Declaration of
Independence, A, Volume 7, by Thomas Patrick Hughes, Frank Munsell, 1892, page 5. [196]


1807
William Brown Stow, teacher of writing and music

Location: Phillips Academy, Andover, Mass.
"Son of Heman Stown and Abigail Brown; born, Marlborough, Jan. 1, 1782; Williams College, 1811; studied divinity with Rev. Dr. Theophilius Packard, D.D., Shelburne; pastor, Wilmington, Vt; New York; Ohio; died, Ridgeville Corners, O., April 21, 1855." [197]


1807/1814-
Emma Willard, supervisor, teacher

Location: Middlebury Female Seminary, Middlebury, Vermont; Troy Female Seminary, Troy, New York (opened in 1821)
Source: davidrumsey.com, see also evidence of the work of her student Frances A. Henshaw. [198]
Source: Wikipedia [199]


1807
E. Shepherd

Location: 68 Broad Street, “The New York Writing School,” New York, New York; a large piece of his writing can be seen at the Tontine Coffee house
Source: The Evening Post (New York, New York), 25 Nov. 1807, Wed., Page 3


1808
Thomas Abraham, instructor in penmanship, arithmetic, elocution

Location: Second St., opposite Cash Bank, Pittsburgh, Pennsylvania
Source: Pittsburgh Weekly Gazette (Pittsburgh, Pennsylvania), 19 Oct. 1808, Wed., Page 1


1808?-1814?
John Neal, teacher of drawing and penmanship; author and poet

Location: the "principal towns of Maine"; born in Portland, Maine
Source: Dictionary of American Biography, Including Men of the Time; Containing Nearly Ten Thousand Notices of Persons of Both Sexes, of Native and Foreign Birth,
who Have Been Remarkable, Or Prominently Connected with the Arts, Sciences, Literature, Politics, Or History, of the American Continent: Giving Also the
Pronunciation of Many of the Foreign and Peculiar American Names, a Key to the Assumed Names of Writers, and a Supplement, by Francis S. Drake, 1872, page 652. [200] [201]


1808-1812
Henry Dean, writing academy, writing master, author

Location: City Library, 16 Nassau St., New York, New York
Source: Longworth's American Almanac: New-York Register and City Directory [202]
Source: The Evening Post (New York, New York), 31 Aug. 1808, Wed., Page 1
1812, details below
Location: School Room, No. 195 Broadway, lately occupied by Mr. H. Dean, New York, New York
Source: The Evening Post (New York, New York), 31 Jan. 1812, Fri., Page 4.


1808
John Neal, itinerant penmanship instructor

"In 1808, teenager John Neal of Portland took to the road with a traveling penmanship master, William W. Rockwell. The two had a falling out and Neal became
an itinerant portrait painter. In 1812, Rockwell was back in Portland teaching his trade while Neal was off to Baltimore and then London. Neal kept an interest
in penmanship, giving public support to writing instructor Professor Wrifford in 1836.[203]
Source: www.mainememory.net


1808
Eloise Richards Payne, penmanship

Location: Boston
"This is the second, revised edition of Dean’s work, described by Ray Nash as “The most ambitious publication ever to grace American handwriting,” featuring 110 pages of letterpress and thirty-six copperplates. This plate, a mathematical abstract of all letterforms, and the title page were drawn for Dean by Eloise Richards Payne, whom he mentions in his preface as “the daughter of his particular friend, William Payne, of Berry Street Academy, Boston.” [204] [205]


1808
Rev. Robert Reid, teacher of penmanship in twenty various hands, grammar, arithmetic, geography

Location: “a select school for young ladies” at his school room in the house of Algeo and Stevenson, Market Street, Pittsburgh, Pennsylvania
Source: Pittsburgh Weekly Gazette (Pittsburgh, Pennsylvania), 02 Nov. 1808, Wed., Page 4


1808
William W. Rockwell, penmanship master

"In 1808, teenager John Neal of Portland took to the road with a traveling penmanship master, William W. Rockwell. The two had a falling out and Neal became
an itinerant portrait painter. In 1812, Rockwell was back in Portland teaching his trade while Neal was off to Baltimore and then London. Neal kept an interest
in penmanship, giving public support to writing instructor Professor Wrifford in 1836.[206]
"John Neal (1793-1876), a Portland lawyer, writer and art critic, created this penmanship sample in about 1813. He had left Portland in 1812 to travel with itinerant penmanship master, William W. Rockwell." [207]
Source: www.mainememory.net


1808-1812
George Godsell Thresher, instructor, professor of penmanship; drawing, book keeping; marine artist

Location: No. 28 Dey Street, Thresher’s Writing and Drawing Academy, for Young Ladies and Gentlemen, New York, New York
Source: The Evening Post (New York, New York), 31 Oct. 1808, Mon., Page 4.
Source: Dictionary of Canadian Biography [208]
Source:The Evening Post (New York, New York), 08 Feb. 1812, Sat., Page 2.


1809
Jeremiah Mayhew, writing instructor

Location: Phillips Academy, Andover, Mass.
"Son of Capt. Jeremiah Mayhew and Abigail Bassett; born, New Bedford, Dec. 23, 1788; Brown University, 1808; Andover Seminary (1811); died while a member of the Seminary, New Bedford, Jan. 4, 1811. [209]


1810-1831 Abel Allison Wrifford

Location: Concord, NH.
" Abel "Allison" Wrifford was born on 15 Feb 1779 in Hopkinton, Hillsborough, NH. Notation in Hunt/Roberts bible is Eldest son of Asa Wrifford and 3rd child of Elizabeth his wife, was born Feb 15, 1779. He Purchased Property in Town of Sharon from Thomas Bingham on 11 Dec 1804 in Sharon , Windsor, VT. From Thomas Bingham of Sharon to Abel Wrifford of Sharon for $400.00 50 acres in Town of Sharon the first 100 acres lot drawn to the right of Abijah Ward was original grantee $26.00 Security payment of a note to be paid in 5 years, Note to be delivered to the ------ of Bingham. 11 Dec. 1804 Joel Marsh, Recorded 11 Dec. 1804. Joel Marsh. He legally changed name to Allison about 1810 in Boston , Suffolk, MA. Statement is "that Abel Wrifford, of Boston, writing master, may take the name of Allison Wrifford. He was a Chirographer between 1810 and 1831 in Concord, NH. "Allison Wrifford, of Boston whose writing books were sold here as early as 1810 came to Concord in 1831 announcing himself as the 'veteran chirographer who by long practice and peculiar aptitude has possessed himself of successful instruction by seizing those happy moments, when the attention of pupils can be caught (sic) and successful employed.'"
Source: Descendants of LT. Daniel Cressey [210]


1811
Mr. Clough, instruction in the art of writing

Location: in the room above Mr. Michael Bull’s store, State Street, Hartford, Connecticut
Source: Hartford Courant (Hartford, Connecticut), 29 May 1811, Wed., Page 3


1811
Mrs. Nash; M. & J. Nash, instruction in penmanship; English, Latin, Greek, and French languages; geography, maps, globes, algebra, geometry, land-survey, navigation and astronomy, English education

Location: Mrs. Nash’s School for Young Ladies; English and Classical Grammar School, No. 211 William Street, New York, New York
Source: The Evening Post (New York, New York), 02 Nov. 1811, Sat., Page 1


1811
Mr. N. Towne, instruction in the art of writing; professor of penmanship and author of elementary copy-slips (1812)

Location: in the room above Mr. Michael Bull’s store, State Street, Hartford, Connecticut
Source: Hartford Courant (Hartford, Connecticut), 29 May 1811, Wed., Page 3
Source: The Evening Post (New York, New York), 15 Feb. 1812, Sat., Page 1


1812
Fifield Holt, writing master

Location: Phillips Academy, Andover, Mass.
"Son of Fifield Holt and Anna Lakin; born, Hollis, N.H., May 27,1785; Middlebury College, 1810; Andover Seminary, 1813; pastor, Bloomfield, Me., died Nov. 15, 1830." [211]


1812
Eleazer Huntington, instructor in penmanship, English education, navigation, surveying, arithmetic, geography, grammar, reading, etc. “He flatters himself, that from the experience he has had in the business, and particularly from the success with which he has taught Penmanship, (on Dean’s Analytical plan) he shall be able to give ample satisfaction.”

Location: north part of Main Street, over Messrs. Isaac Hardin and Co.’s Store, Hartford, Connecticut
Source: Hartford Courant (Hartford, Connecticut), 04 May 1813, Tue., Page 1


1812
Mr. Lord, instructor in penmanship

Location: No. 67 Maiden Lane, School for Young Ladies, New York, New York
Source: The Evening Post (New York, New York), 26 Aug. 1812, Wed., Page 3


1812
Mr. E. Worthen, instructor in penmanship, mathematics

Location: writing school, in a room over the office of Philip Gilland, Esq., back of the Court House, in the Diamond, Pittsburgh, Pennsylvania
Source: Pittsburgh Weekly Gazette, (Pittsburgh, Pennsylvania), 28 Aug 1812, Fri., Page 4.


1813
Mr. E. Benedict, instructor in penmanship, English grammar, bookkeeping

Location: No. 11 Nassau Street, New York, New York
Source: The Evening Post (New York, New York), 11 Oct. 1813, Mon., Page 2.


1813
Charles Dean, writing master

Location: 47 Market Street, Albany, New York
Source: The Albany Directory, by Joseph Fry, [212] collected in The annals of Albany, by Munsell, Joel, 1808-1880, published 1850. Page 62. [213]


1813 (earlier than) Benjamin Holt, writing master

Location: West Writing School in Chardon's Lane, now Chardon Street, Boston, Massachusetts
Source: Publications, Bostonian Society, Vol. 3, OCLC Number: 1772812, page 76.[214]

1813
Elijah Knox, instructor in penmanship, mathematics

Location: opening an evening school (for the winter season) in the South School House, Hartford, Connecticut
Source: Hartford Courant (Hartford, Connecticut), 30 Nov. 1813, Tue., Page 1.


1813
B. Nichols

"B Nichols respectfully informs the public that he proposes opening a School for the art of Writing on a new elementary systematic plan which by the use of fifteen exercises or lessons of: two hours each persons at a proper age and common capacity may acquire a fair regular and elegant handwriting with ease and dispatch as Capitals Figures large and small Roman Hands: Running and Mercantile Hands and the art of making an elegant Pen in the best and most approved manner Those Ladies and Gentlemen who wish to be instructed in the elegant and: improved art of penmanship are respectfully invited to call on B Nichols at the Eagle Hotel Raleigh and examine specimens of his pupils improvement where the terms and conditions of the School will be made known Ladies who wish to receive private instruction will be accommodated by meeting in small parties and giving me notice.
Raleigh, July 15.Raleigh Star July 16, 1813." [215]
Location: Raleigh, North Carolina
Source: North Carolina Schools and Academies, 1790-1840: A Documentary History, Charles Lee Coon, 1915, pages 516, 517.



1813
Cyrus Kingsbury, teacher of penmanship

Location: Phillips Academy, Andover, Mass.
"Son of Col. Cyrus Kingsbury and Annis Taynter; born, Alstead, N.H., Nov. 23, 1786; Brown University, 1812; Andover Seminary, 1815; missionary among Cherokees (at Missouri Ridge) and Choctaws fifty-three years; died in the Indian Territory, June 27, 1870." [216]


1813 (before)-1847 (or later)
Jonathan Snelling, writing master

Location: Centre [Writing] School, Boston, Massachusetts ; in 1847, Latin School, Boston, Massachusetts; Mason Street [School]?
Source: Publications, Bostonian Society, Vol. 3, OCLC Number: 1772812, page 76.[217]
Source: The Massachusetts State Record and Year Book of General Information, Volume 1, Published 1847, page 237. [218]


1813 (before)
Rufus Webb, writing master

Location: Common Street, South [Writing?] School, Boston, Massachusetts; Rufus Webb may have worked at the Centre Writing School and then later at the new Franklin School: see 1788 notes on Carter
Worked with Thomas Payson, grammar master
Source: Publications, Bostonian Society, Vol. 3, OCLC Number: 1772812, page 76.[219]


1814
Thomas Shepherd, writing master

Location: Phillips Academy, Andover, Mass.
"Son of Jacob Shepherd and Lydia (Wilds) Clapp; born, Norton, May 7, 1792; Taunton Academy; Brown University, 181; Andover Seminary, 1816; home missionary, Georgia; pastor, Ashfield, fourteen years; Bristol, R.I., forty-four years; died Oct. 5, 1879. D.D., Brown, 1858." [220]


1815 (before?)
Daniel Howard Leonard, first teacher of systematic penmanship in the US

"Mr. Leonard with Allison Riford [Wrifford] is said to be the first teacher of systematic penmanship in the US. They traveled together several years and their
hours of instruction were from five until midnight He cleared in three days $150. He settled in Sharon after marriage and in 1822 while..."[221]
Source: History of Sanbornton, New Hampshire, Volume 2, By Moses Thurston Runnels Moses, A. Mudge & son, printers, 1881 [222]


1815
Otis Rockwood, teacher of writing

Location: Phillips Academy, Andover, Mass.
"Son of Elisha Rockwood and Abigail Stone; born, Chesterfield, N.H., May 1, 1791; Middlebury College, 1812; Andover Seminary, 1817; pastor, Lynn, fourteen years; Woodstock, Conn.; died, Cambridge, Dec. 30, 1861." [223]


1816, before and after
New York African Free School

Evidence of excellent penmanship example, "Richard Fitch, a 14-year old boy, presents math examples matched with lovely penmanship for the 1816 Examination Day." [224]
See additional examples, 1816-1826: [225] [226]
Source: New York Historical Society


1816
Gavin C. Craig, penmanship instructor

Location: Western Kentucky University, Bowling Green, KY [227]


1816
Abner Morse, teacher of penmanship

Location: Phillips Academy, Andover, Mass.
"Son of Capt. Abner Morse and Mille Leland; born, Medway, Sept. 5, 1793. Day's Academy, Wrentham; Brown University, 1816; Andover Seminary, 1819; pastor; Nantucket; Sennett, N.Y.; Boundbrook, N.J.; South Bend, Ind., to 1841, afterward resided in Boston and vicinity, engaged in genealogical researches and compilations; died, Sharon, May 16, 1865. Member of Hist. Gen. Society." [228]



1816
Miron Wilson, teacher of penmanship

Location: Phillips Academy, Andover, Mass.
"Son of Nathaniel Winslow and Anna Kellogg; born, Williston, Vt., Dec. 11, 1789; Middlebury College, 1815; Andover Seminary, 1818; while at Andover published valuable History of Missions; missionary in India forty-six years; president of native college in Madras; translated the Bible into Tamil, and published Tamil-English Dictionary; died, Cape of Good Hope, while on the way to America, Oct. 22, 1864. D. D., Harvard, 1858; LL. D., Middlebury, 1864." [229]


1818? -
[Major] David Lee Child, sub-master of Latin school, lawyer

Location: [unnamed school], Boston, MA
"graduated Harvard College 1817"
Source: The History of the Ancient and Honorable Artillery Company: Rev. and Enl. from Its Formation in 1637 and Charter in 1638, to the Present Time; Comprising the Biographies of the Distinguished Civil, Literary, Religious, and Military Men of the Colony, Province, and Commonwealth, Zachariah Gardner Whitman, J.H. Eastburn, Printer, 1842, page 418. [230]


1818
Mr. Gersham Cobb, teacher of penmanship, accountant

Location: Boston, Massachusetts
Source: Hartford Courant (Hartford, Connecticut), 30 Dec. 1823, Tue., Page 2.


1819
John H. Hassam, Hassam's Private Academy [231]

Location: Raleigh, North Carolina; New Hampshire
"In 1819, John H. Hassam, a traveling teacher of English Grammar, came to Raleigh from New Hampshire and opened his Private Academy. Hassam professed to be able to teach “a correct and practical knowledge of English Grammar and Punctuation in twenty-four lectures of two hours each.” Soon after his arrival, he associated himself with George W. Freeman. In three years Hassam had blossomed out as a lawyer and the owner of a farm of 150 acres. The Private Academy seems not to have lasted longer than three years, though all the subjects preparatory to college were taught." [232]


1819 (before and after) Misses Martins’ School

Samples indicate excellence of penmanship by Marcia Rice [233]
Location: Portland, Maine
Source: [234]
Source: www.mainememory.net


1820
James Howe, teacher of penmanship

Location: Phillips Academy, Andover, Mass.
"Son of Dr Adonijah Howe and Sarah Ripley; born Jaffrey, N. H., Aug. 13, 1796; New Ipswich Academy; Dartmouth College, 1817; Andover Seminary, 1821; pastor, Pepperell; died July 19, 1840. [235]


1821
William Biglow, teacher of penmanship

"William Biglow came here in 1820 and advertised to open a private school in the house of Phinehas Kellam. In the Gazette of Dec 26, 1821, Freeman Page
announces that he teaches penmanship in the front room of Colonel Cunningham's hotel at three dollars for twelve lessons. This was the first regular
writing school here. June 19, 1822, J. Noyes gives notice of a school for navigation and book keeping at his house next the bridge, The same year,
Misses I. and E. Gordon advertise their school for young ladies in Captain McFarland's house. For a short time in the winter of 1822-23
Mr. Biglow and James W. Webster conducted a school together the tuition being twenty and twenty five cents per week. The next spring they opened
separate schools. During the summer Mr. Biglow opened a morning school commencing at six o'clock Misses Kidder and Cox give notice
of a private school to commence April 15." [236]
Source: History of the City of Belfast in the State of Maine: From Its First Settlement in 1770 to 1875, Volume 1, Joseph Williamson, Loring, Short, and Harmon, 1877 - Belfast (Me.) [237]


1821
J. B. Chadbourne [238]

1821
William Watson Niles, teacher of penmanship

Location: Phillips Academy, Andover, Mass.
"Son of Rev. and Hon. Nathaniel Niles and Eliza Watson; born, West Fairlee, Vt., Nov. 29, 1796; Dartmouth College, 1820; Andover Seminary, 1823; home missionary, Tennessee and Ohio; pastor, Malden, Holden; rector, Rome, N.Y., Kingston, R.I., died La Porte, Ind., June 8, 1854." [239]


1822
Miss Prescott, teacher of penmanship (practical, ornamental, stenography, marking on linens, mezzotinto painting, etc.)

Location: New York City and elsewhere
Source: The Evening Post, August 22, 1834, Newspapers.com, 1834.[240]


1823 (before)
John C. Nunan, writing master

Location: University of North Carolina; Nashville, Tennessee
Source: Nashville Whig (Nashville, Tennessee), 15 Dec. 1823, Mon., Page 1


1823
I. F. Bragg

Location: No. 3 Roosevelt Street, New York, New York
Source: The Evening Post (New York, New York), 25 Oct. 1823, sat., Page 4


1823
Mr. J. Fiske, penmanship instructor

Location: Mrs. Smiley's, Nashville, Tennessee
Source: Nashville Whig (Nashville, Tennessee), 17 Nov. 1823, Mon., Page 1.


1823
L. Jackson, teacher of penmanship; instructs business hand, German test, Saxon, Court hand, Italian, Printing

Location: 10 Broad Street, New York, New York, Mercantile Writing Academy (his own); Hamilton College; Cincinnati, Ohio; an academy in Utica; Union College; Ballston Spa, New York.
Source: The Evening Post (New York, New York, 24 Nov. 1823, Mon., Page 3.


1823-1847 and after?
Peter Mackintosh, writing master

Location: Hanover Street, Hancock School, Boston, Massachusetts
Source: Report of the committee appointed to make the annual examination of the writing schools, page 40. [241]
Found in the bound volume with: Annual report, by Boston, Mass. School Committee; City Document No. 40, Reports of the annual visiting committees of the public schools,
city of Boston, 1847; Boston: J H Eastburn, city printer. Book. [242]


1823
Joshua Payne Payson, teacher of penmanship

Location: Phillips Academy, Andover, Mass.
"Son of Dea John Howe Payson and Amaryllis Payne. And. Theol. Sem. 1824. Pastor, Chilmark and Tishury. Res. from 1830, Pomfret; blind for many years."
"Born Pomfret, Conn., Aug 15, 1800. Phillips Academy, 1815. Died, Pomfret, Conn., April 29, 1871." [243]


1823
Alvah Rude, penmanship teacher

Location: Long Island, New York
Source: The Long-Island Star (Brooklyn, New York), 29 May 1823, Thu., Page 3.


1823
Nathaniel Ruggles Smith, teacher of writing, grammarian; teaching Tyler's Patented System of Penmanship

Location: Pittsburgh, Pennsylvania
Source: Pittsburgh Weekly Gazette (Pittsburgh, Pennsylvania), 18 Jul. 1823, Fri., Page 4
Source: Portrait and Biographical Album of Lee County, Iowa, Chapman Brothers, 1887, page 533 [244]


1824
William C. Pope, teacher of penmanship

teaching an "elegant, round, systematic hand"
Location: Doctor Locke's Female Academy, Cincinnati, Ohio
Source: The Cincinnati Literary Gazette, July 31, 1824, page 38.[245]


1826
Henry Herrick, teacher of penmanship

Location: Phillips Academy, Andover, Mass.
"Born Woodbridge, Conn., March 5, 1803. Phillips Academy, 1818; Andover Seminary, 1828; Died, North Woodstock, Conn. March 11, 1895." [246]
"Son of Rev. Claudius Herrick and Hannah Pierpont. Born in Woodbridge, Ct. --At the Principal's. --Berkeley Scholar at Yale. Teacher of Hopkins Grammar School, New Haven. Teacher of Penmanship, Phillips Academy, 1826-27. And. Theol. Sem.; Yale Div. Sch. 1828. Principal of female academies in Knoxville, Tenn.; Somerville, Moulton, Ala.; home Missionary in Ticonderoga, Exeter, and other places in New York. Res. from 1867 North Woodstock, Ct." [247]


1826-1847 and after?
James Robinson, writing master

Location: Derne Street, Bowdoin School, Boston, Massachusetts
Books for penmanship / writing: "Root's Writing books and System are used" [248]
Source: Report of the committee appointed to make the annual examination of the writing schools, page 39-40. [249] [250]
Found in the bound volume with: Annual report, by Boston, Mass. School Committee; City Document No. 40, Reports of the annual visiting committees of the public schools,
city of Boston, 1847; Boston: J H Eastburn, city printer. Book. [251]


1828
John T. Burnham, writing master

Location: Phillips Exeter Academy
Source: Page 75, [252]
Source: The New-Hampshire annual register, and United States calendar, by Farmer, John, ed; Lyon, G. Parker, 1793-1865, ed. Book. [253]


1828
John Taylor Jones, teacher of penmanship

Location: Phillips Academy, Andover, Mass.
"Son of Elisha Jones and Persia Taylor; born, New Ipswich, N. H., July 16, 1802; New Ipswich Academy and Bradford Academy; Amherst College, 1825; Andover Seminary, 1830; Newton Seminary, 1830; missionary in Burmah and Siam; founder of Baptist Mission in Siam; translated Bible into Siamese; died, Bangkok, Siam, Sept. 13, 1851. D. D., Columbian University, Washington, 1850. [254]



1828
James Wilson Ward, teacher of penmanship

Location: Phillips Academy, Andover, Mass.
"Son of Rev Jonathan Ward and Philena Gay Whitaker; born, Alna, Me., May 21, 1803; Phillips Exeter Academy; Dartmouth College, 1826; Andover Seminary (1830;) Yale Seminary, 1832; teacher, South Berwick (Me.) Academy; pastor, Abington, twenty-two years; Lakeville; representative from Abington; senator from Plymouth; died, New York City, Jan. 31, 1873. [255]


1830s-1840s
Thomas Martin Easterly, itinerant calligrapher and a penmanship teacher

"He began working as itinerant calligrapher and a penmanship teacher traveling throughout Vermont, New Hampshire and New York during the 1830s and 40s" [256]
Source: Wikipedia


1830-1847 until?
Levi Conant, writing master

Location: North Bennett Street, Eliot School, Boston, Massachusetts
Source: Report of the committee appointed to make the annual examination of the writing schools, page 32. [257]
Found in the bound volume with: Annual report, by Boston, Mass. School Committee; City Document No. 40, Reports of the annual visiting committees of the public schools,
city of Boston, 1847; Boston: J H Eastburn, city printer. Book. [258]


1830
D. Easton, Writing Academy, [259]
A. McLaurin, Penmanship, Short Hand [260]

1830
John Jason Owen, teacher of penmanship

Location: Phillips Academy, Andover, Mass.
"Son of Hezekiah Owen and Elizabeth Thrall; born, Johnstown, N.Y.; Aug. 13, 1803; Middlebury College, 1828; Andover Seminary, 1831; secretary of Presbyterian Education Society; principal of Cornelius Institute, New York City; Professor of Latin and Greek, New York Free Academy, now College of City of New York, of which vice-president from 1866; author of standard text-books in classics; died April 18, 1869. D. D., University of New York, 1848; LL. D., Middlebury, 1864." [261]


1831-1833
Benjamin F. Foster, teacher of penmanship

Location: Albany Academy, Albany, New York [262]


1831
A. D. Smith, Smith's Writing School [263]

1832
Mr. R. Dolbear, professor of penmanship on the Carstarian System, author of books on penmanship [264]

Location: Louisville, Kentucky; New York, New York
The Courier, New Orleans, Thursday evening, March 1, 1832;
Le Courrier de la Lonisiane - Mar 1, 1832 [265]



1833
Chauncey Bascom, teacher of penmanship, author of books on penmanship [266]

Location: Phillips Academy, Andover, Mass.
Location: Lebanon, Connecticut
"Son of Abiel Bascom and Sybil Roberts. --Left 1821. --Teacher of penmanship. Prepared and published a system of penmanship, which had a large sale. Died at Lebanon. [267]


1833-1834
Theodore Foster, teacher of penmanship

Location: Albany Academy, Albany, New York [268]



1834
Orren Ross, teacher of penmanship; doctor

Location: Maine (likely)
Source: [269]


1834
Mr. Tousey [270]

From 1830 to 1840 these records disclose a number of traveling teachers of special subjects. Nothing is said of these except what they said of themselves. Such teachers were A. McLaurin and D. Easton who taught writing schools in 1830, A.D. Smith who claimed in 1831 to teach a new system of his own which which made "bad writers to write an elegant hand in two or three days...Mr. Tousey another writing teacher...." [271]


1834-40
Joseph Bell, teacher of penmanship

Location: Albany Academy, Albany, New York [272]


1835
S.A. Aiken, taught penmanship

"SA Aiken taught penmanship in the Fire proof Building in 1835 and A R Dunton at No 4 Phoenix Row in 1838."
Source: History of the City of Belfast in the State of Maine: From Its First Settlement in 1770 to 1875, Volume 1, Joseph Williamson, Loring, Short, and Harmon, 1877 - Belfast (Me.)

[273]
1835?
Isaac Goward, teacher of penmanship

Location: from Phillips Academy, Andover, Mass.
Location: Croydon, NH; New York, NY
"Son of Isaac Goward and Abigail Lothrop. --At Mr. Foster's. Left 1824. --Took one year of college course at Waterville, and another at Amherst. Began to study medicine at Dartmouth, and was licensed to preach by Baptist church at Cornish Flat, N. H. Afterwards took the name of Isaac Rossini Goward, and became teacher of penmanship and music in New York City." [274] [275]


1835?
J. W. Redford, instructor in penmanship

Location: New Hampshire
"For several years after leaving Sanbornton he was engaged in teaching an academy also an instructor in penmanship and was afterwards paymaster at the Wareham, Mass. Iron Works."https://books.google.com/books?id=iRyJiYr1nK0C&lpg=PA602&ots=52cfwjwzN8&dq=new%20hampshire%20penmanship%201810&pg=PA451#v=onepage&q&f=false
Source: History of Sanbornton, New Hampshire, Volume 2, By Moses Thurston Runnels Moses, A. Mudge & son, printers, 1881 [276]


1835- 1847 and after?
John A. Harris, writing master

Location: South Boston, Hawes School, Boston, Massachusetts
Books used for penmanship / writing in 1847 are Rand's system of penmanship
Source: Report of the committee appointed to make the annual examination of the writing schools, page 36-37. [277]
Found in the bound volume with: Annual report, by Boston, Mass. School Committee; City Document No. 40, Reports of the annual visiting committees of the public schools,
city of Boston, 1847; Boston: J H Eastburn, city printer. Book. [278]


1836
Mrs. Caroline Dexter, teacher of reading, writing, spelling, ornamental needles work

Location:Dubuque County, Iowa
"Mrs. Dexter, in her prospectus, issued March 15th, 1836, stated that she "would teach reading, writing, spelling, etc., and also instruct young ladies in the art of useful and ornamental needles work" [279]



1836
B. W. Halsley, Halsley's School [280]

Sarah Jane Corbin, Mrs. Sarah Jane Corbin's School [281]

J. W. Stanlift, Stanlift's Writing School [282]
1836?-1843; 1843- Mr. Goldsmith, apprentice; teacher; penman; professor of penmanship

Location: Brooklyn, NY
Source: The Brooklyn Daily Eagle, Brooklyn, NY [283] [284]


1836
Mr. Theo S. Moise, portrait artist and ornamental penmanship for ladies albums

Location: Charleston, South Carolina.
Source: Artists in the Life of Charleston: Through Colony and State, from Restoration to Reconstruction, by Anna Wells Rutledge, 2008, pages 153,154, 211.


1838
A R Dunton, taught penmanship, "the oldest Expert on Hand-Writing in the United States" [285]

"SA Aiken taught penmanship in the Fire proof Building in 1835 and A R Dunton at No 4 Phoenix Row in 1838."
Location: [additional] English High School [286] Charlestown High School [287]Boston, MA; Camden, Maine
Source: History of the City of Belfast in the State of Maine: From Its First Settlement in 1770 to 1875, Volume 1, Joseph Williamson, Loring, Short, and Harmon, 1877 - Belfast (Me.)

[288]

Source: The True Story of the Hart-Meservey Murder Trial: In which Light is Thrown Upon Dark Deeds, Incompetency, and Perfidy : and Crime Fastened Upon Those Whose Position, If Not Manhood, Should Have Commanded Honest Dealing, by Alvin R. Dunton, Nathan F. Hart, published by the author, Boston, 1882, pages 308 and 309.


1838- 1847 and after?
Reuben Swan, Jr., writing master

Location: McLean Street, Franklin School, Boston, Massachusetts
Books for penmanship / writing: "The books are ruled upon Bascom's plan, and the pupils use both written and engraved copies." [289]
Source: Report of the committee appointed to make the annual examination of the writing schools, page 42. [290]
Found in the bound volume with: Annual report, by Boston, Mass. School Committee; City Document No. 40, Reports of the annual visiting committees of the public schools,
city of Boston, 1847; Boston: J H Eastburn, city printer. Book. [291]


1838- 1847 and after?
Nathan Merrill, writing master

Location: Washington Street, Franklin School, Boston, Massachusetts
Book used for penmanship / writing: Winchester's system, recently introduced after 1847 at the Franklin School
Source: Report of the committee appointed to make the annual examination of the writing schools, page 34. [292]
Found in the bound volume with: Annual report, by Boston, Mass. School Committee; City Document No. 40, Reports of the annual visiting committees of the public schools,
city of Boston, 1847; Boston: J H Eastburn, city printer. Book. [293]


1839-1847 and after? Loring Lathrop, writing master

Location: Cooper Street, Endicott School, Boston, Massachusetts
Books for penmanship / writing: "The pupils have written copies, in books prepared under the direction of the Master." [294]
Source: Report of the committee appointed to make the annual examination of the writing schools, page 48. [295]
Found in the bound volume with: Annual report, by Boston, Mass. School Committee; City Document No. 40, Reports of the annual visiting committees of the public schools,
city of Boston, 1847; Boston: J H Eastburn, city printer. Book. [296]


1839
R. Wilson's Writing Academy

Location: Danbury, Connecticut
Source: History of Danbury, Conn., 1684-1896, by Bailey, James M. (James Montgomery), 1841-1894; Hill, Susan Benedict, 1896, page 334.
Source: Danbury Times of April 17th, 1839 [297]


1840? -1888? Benjamin Eakins, writing master, ornamental writing master

Location: Philadelphia, Pennsylvania
Portrait, Portrait of Benjamin Eakins (Sketch for "The Writing Master"), by son Thomas Eakins [298]
Sources: "Thomas Eakins," Wikipedia [299], Historical Society of Pennsylvania [300], Philadelphia Museum of Art [301] , Wikimedia [302]


1840
Mr. Fife, teacher penmanship

Location: Dr. Ashton's Seminary, for the practical education of young ladies, No 46 N. Fifth Street, Philadelphia, Pennsylvania; August 29, 1840
Title: Advertisement. Source: Public Ledger. Database: America's Historical Newspapers, Readex.

1840-1869?
Peter Duff, writing-teacher, businessman, accountant, head and founder of commercial college

Location: Pittsburgh, Pennsylvania
Source: Peter Duff: Accountant and Educator, by Horace R. Givens, West Virginia University [303]
"Peter Duff, an accountant in Pittsburgh, was the author of several books on accounting and also the founder of a school for bookkeepers and accountants in 1840.... The Accountant’s Institute, a school founded in 1840 by the noted accounting writer, Peter Duff. Duff’s thus antedates the Bryant and Stratton group by some 13 years and can lay strong claim to being the oldest commercial school still in operation [304] See also Wikipedia entry [305] See his books at Hathi Trust [306]


1840- 1847 and after?
Charles Kimball, writing master

Location: Fort Hill, Boylston School, Boston, Massachusetts
Books for penmanship / writing:"All the pupils in the several classes, daily practice writing in Books; which are adapted to the copy slips, arranged by some of
the Writing Masters of the City."[307]
Source: Report of the committee appointed to make the annual examination of the writing schools, page 38. [308]
Found in the bound volume with: Annual report, by Boston, Mass. School Committee; City Document No. 40, Reports of the annual visiting committees of the public schools,
city of Boston, 1847; Boston: J H Eastburn, city printer. Book. [309]


1840 Census for New York [310]
Academies and grammar schools: 108
Scholars at academies and grammar schools: 5,163
Primary and common schools: 182
Scholars at primary and common schools: 10,951

1840-1849
Austin H. Wells, teacher of penmanship

Location: Albany Academy, Albany, New York [311]


1841
Brooklyn Apprentice's Library Association, Evening School, (teaching of writing)

Location: Brooklyn, NY
Source: The Brooklyn Daily Eagle, Brooklyn, NY [312]


1841-1847 and after?
Samuel L. Gould, writing master

Location: East Street, Winthrop School, Boston, Massachusetts
Books used for penmanship / writing: "Bascom's writing books are used, in connection with written, and engraved copies." [313]
Source: Report of the committee appointed to make the annual examination of the writing schools, page 44. [314]
Found in the bound volume with: Annual report, by Boston, Mass. School Committee; City Document No. 40, Reports of the annual visiting committees of the public schools,
city of Boston, 1847; Boston: J H Eastburn, city printer. Book. [315]


1841-1847 and after?
Joseph Hale., writing master

Location: Tremont Street, Johnson School, Boston, Massachusetts
Books used for penmanship / writing: "Bascom's Writing Books and System are used, together with written and engraved copies" [316]
Source: Report of the committee appointed to make the annual examination of the writing schools, page 43-44. [317]
Found in the bound volume with: Annual report, by Boston, Mass. School Committee; City Document No. 40, Reports of the annual visiting committees of the public schools,
city of Boston, 1847; Boston: J H Eastburn, city printer. Book. [318]


1842
(Instruction in penmanship)
White Plains Female Institute

Location: White Plains, NY
Source: The Brooklyn Daily Eagle, Brooklyn, NY [319]


1844-1847 and after?
Jonathan Battles, Jr., writing master

Location: South Boston, Mather School, Boston, Massachusetts
Books for penmanship / writing: "Root's books and System of Penmanship are used in this School." [320]
Source: Report of the committee appointed to make the annual examination of the writing schools, page 49. [321]
Found in the bound volume with: Annual report, by Boston, Mass. School Committee; City Document No. 40, Reports of the annual visiting committees of the public schools,
city of Boston, 1847; Boston: J H Eastburn, city printer. Book. [322]


1844-1847 and after?
George B. Hyde, master

Location: Concord Street, Dwight School, Boston, Massachusetts
Books for penmanship / writing: "Towndrow's books and system are used." [323]
Organization: The organization of this school is different from any of the others. The boys are kept in one room, in which all the studies are taught by the Master and Female assistants; :while the girls are taught in another room, uner the charge of the Usher and Female assistants." [324]
Source: Report of the committee appointed to make the annual examination of the writing schools, page 53. [325]
Found in the bound volume with: Annual report, by Boston, Mass. School Committee; City Document No. 40, Reports of the annual visiting committees of the public schools,
city of Boston, 1847; Boston: J H Eastburn, city printer. Book. [326]


1844
Mr. J. W. Knights, teacher of penmanship

Location: Mt. Caesar Seminary, Cheshire County, New Hampshire [327]


1844-1847 and after?
William A. Shepard, writing master

Location: Common Street, Brimmer School, Boston, Massachusetts
Source: Report of the committee appointed to make the annual examination of the writing schools, page 50. [328]
Found in the bound volume with: Annual report, by Boston, Mass. School Committee; City Document No. 40, Reports of the annual visiting committees of the public schools,
city of Boston, 1847; Boston: J H Eastburn, city printer. Book. [329]



1845
The New York State Register of 1845, including listings of colleges, academies, common schools, normal schools; totals for students, teachers; numbers of books, etc. [330]

1845 [before and after?]
Josiah L. Arms, schoolmaster

[school, Unitarian Congregational Church (lower floor or basement)]
Location: Mansfield, MA
Granite Monthly: A New Hampshire Magazine, Volumes 45-46. 1913. page 56. [331]


1845-1850
Moses Burbank, schoolmaster

Location: in the First Baptist Church, Newton Centre, Massachusetts
Source: History of Newton, Massachusetts : town and city, from its earliest settlement to the present time, 1630-1880, by Smith, Samuel Francis, 1808-1895, page 718. [332]


1845
Brooklyn Female Institute (teaching of penmanship)

Location: 221 Washington Street, cor. Tilary, Brooklyn, New York
”Mrs. Hubbel informs her patrons and the public that the Sixth Term will commence on Monday, September 1st. Competent Assistants in the Departments
are connected with the Institution. A thorough course of English Study is pursued: Music, French, Drawing and Penmanship are taught by eminent Professors.
Particular attention is paid to Plain and Ornamental Needlework. Circulars may be obtained at the Institute. Brooklyn, 25th August, 1845. au25 2w*"
Source: The Brooklyn Daily Eagle, Brooklyn, NY [333]


1845-1847 and after?
Benjamin Drew, Jr., writing master

Location: Lancaster Street, Otis School, Boston, Massachusetts
Source: Report of the committee appointed to make the annual examination of the writing schools, page 52.
Books for penmanship / writing: "Root's books, and System are in use; but for young beginners the ruled book is used, in which copies are set by the teacher."

[334]

Found in the bound volume with: Annual report, by Boston, Mass. School Committee; City Document No. 40, Reports of the annual visiting committees of the public schools,
city of Boston, 1847; Boston: J H Eastburn, city printer. Book. [335]


1845
Mr. Munyan, professor of penmanship

Location: 10th inst., at No. 101 Fulton Street, 3d story, Brooklyn, New York.
"MR. MUNYAN’S COMMERCIAL SYSTEM OF WRITING. MR MUNYAN, Professor of Penmanship, would respectfully beg leave to make a tender of his professional services
to the citizens of Brooklyn and vicinity, and would announce to them that he will open a Writing School on Thursday, the 10th inst., at No. 101 Fulton street, 3d story.
He pledges himself to convert the most deformed, cramped or vulgar hand into an easy, flowing, and even beautiful style of writing, pre-eminently suited to all the
business purposes of life. His epistolary or ladies’ hand is one of the most elegant, neat and easy hands ever taught in this country, and is expressly suited to the
matron, the belle of the drawing room, and the young miss. These who would wish to avail themselves to the present opportunity must make immediate application,
as his stay in this city is limited to a few weeks. Hours of Instruction, from 7 1/2 to 12 M.; from 2 to 5 P.M.; Evening Class from 7 to 9. Ladies meet daily at 11 A.M.,
and from 3 to 4 P.M. A reasonable improvement guaranteed to all who are willing to learn. References—Hon. Theodore Eames, Hon. N. B. Morse, Seth Low,
Esq., John H. Smith, Esq., Joseph Howard, Esq., George Hall, Esq. Brooklyn, April 9, 1845. ap10 3td3aw3w
The Brooklyn Daily Eagle [336]
Source: The Brooklyn Daily Eagle, Brooklyn, NY [337]



to 1845; 1845 - ?
J. A. Nash, charge of a boarding school; (assumed) teacher of penmanship, Spanish, French, mathematics, drawing, reading, spelling, arithmetic, geography, English grammar,

history, composition, and elocution; Greek and Latin
Location: Pittsfield, Massachusetts (to 1845)
Location: 30 Clinton Street, Brooklyn, New York
Source: The Brooklyn Daily Eagle, Brooklyn, NY [ http://bklyn.newspapers.com/image/50310196/?terms=penmanship]
Note his list of references and the men whose sons he taught, and their locations, listed in this article.


1845-1847 and after?
John D. Philbrick, writing master

Location: Hawkins Street, Mayhew School, Boston, Massachusetts
Books used for penmanship / writing in 1847 are Rand's and Bascom's systems
Source: Report of the committee appointed to make the annual examination of the writing schools, page 35-36. [338]
Found in the bound volume with: Annual report, by Boston, Mass. School Committee; City Document No. 40, Reports of the annual visiting committees of the public schools,
city of Boston, 1847; Boston: J H Eastburn, city printer. Book. [339]


1845-1847 and after?
Samuel Swan, writing master

Location: Pinckney Street, Phillips School, Boston, Massachusetts
Books used for penmanship / writing: "Page and Northend's system are used." [For third and fourth class only, and for word lists and dictation, but not for penmanship?][340]
Source: Report of the committee appointed to make the annual examination of the writing schools, page 51. [341]
Found in the bound volume with: Annual report, by Boston, Mass. School Committee; City Document No. 40, Reports of the annual visiting committees of the public schools,
city of Boston, 1847; Boston: J H Eastburn, city printer. Book. [342]


1845-1847 and after?
Ambrose Wellington, master

Location: Belknap Street, Smith School, Boston, Massachusetts
Books for penmanship / writing: "Foster's books, and System of Writing are in used in this school." [343]
Books for penmanship / writing: "The System of Writing used in this School, is the most defective of any the Committee have noticed. The copies are in pale yellow ink, which
are to be written over by the pupils; so that the first line destroys the copy. Winchester's books and System appear to the Committee to be well adapted to this School, and they would
recommend their introduction."
Source: Report of the committee appointed to make the annual examination of the writing schools, page 54-55.

[344]

Found in the bound volume with: Annual report, by Boston, Mass. School Committee; City Document No. 40, Reports of the annual visiting committees of the public schools,
city of Boston, 1847; Boston: J H Eastburn, city printer. Book. [345]


1845
Gilbert Wood, teacher of penmanship

"Penmanship. G. Wood teacher of plain, practical, and ornamental, penmanship, would respectfully inform the citizens of Claremont, that he will open a school, to give instruction in this :important art at the academy, on Monday evening next, at half past seven o'clock." [Claremont, N.H. : s.n., 1845]. American broadsides and ephemera. no. 6623. [346]


1846
"There are 126 Primary Schools, containing 8360 scholars, taught by females"

Location: Boston, Massachusetts
Source: The Massachusetts Register and United States Calendar, for 1846. Published by James Loring, Boston. Page 236.[347]


1846
Instructers in the public schools of Boston / Instructors in the public schools of Boston / Grammar Masters, Writing Masters, Ushers [348] [349]

Instructers in the public schools / Instructors in the public schools

Adams (Public School), on Mason Street, for boys
Samuel Barret, Grammar Master
Robert W. Wright, Writing Master
William H. Richards, Usher
Joel Brown, Usher

Bowdoin (Public School), on Derne Street, for girls
Abraham Andrews, Grammar Master
James Robinson, Writing Master

Boylston (Public School), Fort Hill, for boys and girls
Thomas Baker, Grammar Master
Charles Kimball, Writing Master
Henry Seaver, Usher

Brimmer (Public School), Common Street, for boys
Joshua Bates, Jr. Grammar Master
William A. Shepard, Writing Master
Hosea W. Lincoln, Usher
Percival W. Bartlett, Usher

Dwight (Public School), Washington Street, for boys
George B. Hyde, Master

Eliot (Public School), North Bennet Street, for boys
Edwin Wright, Grammar Master
Levi Conant, Writing Master

Endicott, (Public School), Cooper Street, for boys and girls
George Allen, Jr., Grammar Master
Loring Winthrop. Writing Master

English High (Public School),Bedford Street, for boys
Thomas Sherwin, Master
Luther Robinson, Sub-Master
Francis S. Williams, Usher
Samuel M. Weston, Usher

Franklin (Public School), Washington Street, for boys and girls
Barnum Field, Grammar Master
Nathan Merrill, Writing Master

Hancock (Public School), Hanover Street, for girls
William J. Adams, Grammar Master
Peter Mackintosh, Jr., Writing Master

Hawes (Public School), South Boston, for boys and girls
Frederick Crafts, Grammar Master
John A. Harris, Writing Master
Charles A. Morrill, Usher

Johnson (Public School), Tremont Street, for girls
Richard G. Parker, Grammar Master
Joseph Hale, Writing Master

Latin (Public School), Bedford Street, for boys
Epes S. Dixwell, Master
Francis Gardner, Sub-Master
George Parker, Usher
Timothy Chamberlain, Usher
Jonathan Snelling, Teacher of Writing

Lyman (Public School), East Boston, for boys and girls
-- --, Master
Aaron L. Ordway, Usher
Mayhew (Public School), Hawkins Street, for boys
Willliam D. Swan, Grammar Master
Harvey Jewell, Writing Master
Winslow Battles, Usher
J. D. Philbrick, Usher

Mather (Public School), South Boston, for boys and girls
Josiah A. Stearns, Grammar Master
Jonathan Battles, Jr., Writing Master
Levi Dodge, Usher

Otis (Public School), Lancaster Street, for boys and girls
Isaac F. Shepard, Grammar Master
Benjamin Drew, Jr., Writing Master
C. B. Metcalf, Usher

Phillips (Public School), West Centre Street, for boys
Samuel S. Green, Grammar Master
Samuel Swan, Writing Master
Amphion Gates, Usher
John M. Colcord, Usher

Smith (Public School), Belknap Street, for boys and girls
Ambrose Wellington, Master

Wells (Public School), McLean Street, for girls
Cornelius Walker, Grammar Master
Reuben Swan, Jr., Writing Master
William H. Swan, Ushers

Winthrop (Public School), East Street, for boys and girls
Henry Williams, Jr., Grammar Master
Samuel L. Gould, Writing Master
Charles E. Valentine, Usher


Schools listed above are in Boston. See note at top.


1846- Samuel W. Bates, writing master

Location: Mason Street, Adams School, Boston, Massachusetts
Source: Report of the committee appointed to make the annual examination of the writing schools, page 33. [350]
Found in the bound volume with: Annual report, by Boston, Mass. School Committee; City Document No. 40, Reports of the annual visiting committees of the public schools, city of Boston, 1847; Boston: J H Eastburn, city printer. Book. [351]


1846
Charles Mills Glines, writing teacher, professor of penmanship

Location: Lowell, Massachusetts
Location: Lancaster, Pennsylvania
Location: New Hampshire Conference Seminary
"Charles Mills Glines, of Northfleld [married to Amanda Betina] by Rev. AA Willetts DD of Philadelphia, Pa. May 25, 1848. He commenced teaching writing in Lowell, Mass 1846, for three years also taught in Lancaster, Pa. Was connected with the New Hampshire Conference Seminary as professor of penmanship after the fall of 1852, for more than twenty six years also had schools in Fisherville many of the intermediate falls and winters, and several terms in Concord, Canterbury, Laconia, Franklin etc." [352]
Source: History of Sanbornton, New Hampshire, Volume 2, By Moses Thurston Runnels Moses, A. Mudge & son, printers, 1881 [353]


1846
Mr. McGregor, penmanship; performer

Location: Marlboro, Massachusetts
Date: approximate, December 23, 1846
"A curiosity.--Mr. McGregor whose right hand represents an eagle's claw, and his left a lobster's, is performing feats of penmanship at the Marlboro Chapel.--Boston Mail.
Source: The Brooklyn Daily Eagle, Brooklyn, NY [354]


1846- Aaron L. Ordway, master

Location: East Boston, Lyman School, Boston, Massachusetts
"On Monday afternoons all of the scholars practice under the direction of the Master, exercises which strengthen the muscles and impart freedom and flexibility to the hands and fingers.
Root's system of Penmanship is used." [355]
Source: Report of the committee appointed to make the annual examination of the writing schools, page 47. [356]
Found in the bound volume with: Annual report, by Boston, Mass. School Committee; City Document No. 40, Reports of the annual visiting committees of the public schools, city of Boston, 1847; Boston: J H Eastburn, city printer. Book. [357]


1846
South Brooklyn English and Commercial High School, for young gentlemen, (teaching of chirography, etc.)

Location: No. 137 Atlantic Street, Brooklyn, New York
"Under the superintendence of one who has made teaching his permanent employment for more than 15 years, in Hartford and other places in Connecticut"
Salmon Phelps, principal
Source: The Brooklyn Daily Eagle, Brooklyn, NY [358]


1846?
Mr. Stone, teacher of penmanship

Location: Phelps Union and Classical School, Phelps, New York [359]


1847 or earlier - 1866
Hervey Bugbee, teacher of penmanship, flourishing

Location: Nashua, NH, Hanover, NH, Vermont
"Hervey Bugbee, the most celebrated New England penman, was fully as famous in his section as Spencer was in Ohio. Mr. Bugbee taught throughout New Hampshire, and some in Vermont. His most successful classes--those that gave him the most reputation--were at Hanover, N.H., the seat of Dartmouth college....One of the Dartmouth boys in Bugbee's time, the editor of the leading papers of New Hampshire, the Daily Mirror and American and Mirror and Farmer, published at Manchester, in an editorial review of a work by the writer of this, speaks of Bugbee as follows: "Thirty years ago Hervey Bugbee of Nashua, N.H., was the most elegant penman in this country; and, though he lacked system somewhat, letters, birds, beasts, and creeping things flowed from his pen easily as water runs down hill." It is a matter of regret that a penman so highly skilled as the former seems to have been, should have left behind him no scraps his handiwork available to us."
[360] [361]


1847
Brooklyn Institute, A Normal Institute, for the education and improvement of young ladies and gentlemen; teaching; business life; (teaching of penmanship)

Location: Brooklyn, New York
Date: May 5th, 1847; and following sessions
Source: The Brooklyn Daily Eagle, Brooklyn, NY [362]


1847-1849
Delwin F. Brown, instructor of penmanship

Location: Alfred University, Alfred, New York [363]


1848?-1850
James H. Bailey, schoolmaster

Location: Mansfield Academy; ?Unitarian Congregational Church (lower floor or basement)]
Location: Mansfield, MA
Granite Monthly: A New Hampshire Magazine, Volumes 45-46. 1913. page 56. [364]


before
1849
O. S. Moulton, teacher of penmanship

Location: Phillips Academy, Andover, Mass.
"Now is the time! "A good hand writing is a letter of recommendation." Mr. Moulton, late "teacher of penmanship" at Phillips' Academy, Andover ... has the pleasure of announcing to the :ladies and gentlemen of this place, that he will open a school for instruction in penmanship on [blank] evening next, at [blank] at [blank] o'clock." [Boston] : Dearborn, printer, 1 Water :Street, Boston., [1849]. American broadsides and ephemera. no. 7383. [365]



1849
NUMBER OF WRITING ACADEMIES IN NEW HAMPSHIRE: 100 [366] [367]

1849
NUMBER OF WRITING ACADEMIES IN RHODE ISLAND: 272 [368] [369]

1849
Edwin L. Branch, Teacher in penmanship

Location: Smithville Seminary, North Scituate, Rhode Island
Source: New England Merchantile Union Business Directory For, 1849: Containing ... an Almanac for 1849, ... a Business Directory for New England; Name, Location ... of Manufacturing :Establishments, Professional Men ... Advertising Register ... of New York


1849
J. Frank Bailey

Location: Pembroke Academy, Pembroke, New Hampshire
Source: New England Merchantile Union Business Directory For, 1849: Containing ... an Almanac for 1849, ... a Business Directory for New England; Name, Location ... of Manufacturing :Establishments, Professional Men ... Advertising Register ... of New York


1849
Oscar H. Bradley, teacher of penmanship
Location: Black River Academy, Vermont

Source: New England Merchantile Union Business Directory For, 1849: Containing ... an Almanac for 1849, ... a Business Directory for New England; Name, Location ... of Manufacturing :Establishments, Professional Men ... Advertising Register ... of New York


1849
Mr. Enoch G. Hooke

Location: People's Literary Institute and Gymnasium, Pembroke, New Hampshire
Source: New England Merchantile Union Business Directory For, 1849: Containing ... an Almanac for 1849, ... a Business Directory for New England; Name, Location ... of Manufacturing :Establishments, Professional Men ... Advertising Register ... of New York


1849
B. B. Dorr

Location: New Hampton Institute, New Hampton, New Hampshire
Source: New England Merchantile Union Business Directory For, 1849: Containing ... an Almanac for 1849, ... a Business Directory for New England; Name, Location ... of Manufacturing :Establishments, Professional Men ... Advertising Register ... of New York


1849
C. Mattoon Alvord, teacher of penmanship

Location: Williston Seminary, Massachusetts
Source: New England Merchantile Union Business Directory For, 1849: Containing ... an Almanac for 1849, ... a Business Directory for New England; Name, Location ... of Manufacturing :Establishments, Professional Men ... Advertising Register ... of New York



1849
S. L. Packard, teacher of penmanship

Location: Cincinnati (Hamilton), Ohio.
"Teacher of penmanship in 1849 in the Ladies' department of Bartlett;s Commercial College, Cincinnati (Hamilton). Cincinnati dir. 1849."
Source: Artists in Ohio, 1787-1900: A Biographical Dictionary, By Mary Sayre Haverstock, Jeanette Mahoney Vance, Brian L. Meggitt, Jeffrey Weidman, 2000, page 660. [370]



1849-1851
Lemuel M. Wiles, teacher of drawing and penmanship

Location: Albany Academy, Albany, New York [371]


1849-1851
Leicester Cowles, instructor of penmanship

Location: Alfred University, Alfred, New York [372]


Forrest M. Babcock, instructor of book-keeping and penmanship

Location: Alfred University, Alfred, New York [373]


1849-1851
David S. Peirce, teacher of penmanship and drawing

Location: Albany Academy, Albany, New York [374]


before 1850
Albany Female Academy (teaching of penmanship and vocal music; other areas of study)

Location: Albany, New York
"Particular attention is paid to instruction in penmanship, and instruction in vocal music is given by a teacher eminently qualified, and who is engaged in this branch alone."
Source: The Brooklyn Daily Eagle, Brooklyn, NY [375]


1850s
John M. Pierce, professor of penmanship

Location: Oberlin, Ohio
Professor of penmanship, active in Oberlin throughout the 1850s. He was born in New York in 1812 or 1815. Medina-Elyria-Oberlin dir. 1859
Lorain Co. census 1850 (#705), 1860 (#1002).
Source: :Source: Artists in Ohio, 1787-1900: A Biographical Dictionary, By Mary Sayre Haverstock, Jeanette Mahoney Vance, Brian L. Meggitt, Jeffrey Weidman, 2000


1851
S. W. Horton, teacher of penmanship

Location: Mt. Caesar Seminary, Cheshire County, New Hampshire [376]


1852?
H. Daniels, penmanship

"Penmanship! Mr. H. Daniels, would inform the ladies and gentlemen of Valley Falls, the by the solicitations of his friends, he will commence another course of twelve lessons in plain and :ornamental writing, upon a new plan! ... H.D. respectfully invites all, old and young, who wish to improve their hand-writing, to meet at his school room, Tuesday evening, January 22, at 8 :o'clock." [Pawtucket, R.I.] : R.W. Potter, printer, Pawt., [1852?]. American broadsides and ephemera. no. 8082. [377]



1852
William Dickey, writing teacher

Location:
"Dickey's Writing Academy! 2nd term! will commence on Monday, Oct. 25th, at the same rooms, in Caldwell & Crocker's Building, over the "Sentinel Office." [Fitchburg, Mass.] : Garfields, :printers, Fitchburg., [1852]. American broadsides and ephemera. no. 8089. [378]


1854, before
Algernon Parker, teacher of penmanship

Location: New England Normal Institute
"Algernon Parker, born February 15, 1819 at Amherst, New Hampshire, died August 20, 1874, at Lynn, Massachusetts; she was a teacher of penmanship in various places and in 1854 was connected with the New England Normal Institute." [379]
Source: Genealogical and Family History of Central New York: A Record of the Achievements of Her People in the Making of a Commonwealth and the Building of a Nation, Volume 2,
William Richard Cutter, Lewis Historical Publishing Company, 1912 - New York [380]


1854
Simeon M. Thorpe, A.M., instructor of penmanship

Location: Alfred University, Alfred, New York [381]


1854-1856 W. W. Guild, teacher of penmanship

Location: Mt. Caesar Seminary, Cheshire County, New Hampshire [382]


1855? -
Bassett, S. M., Commercial Accountant, Professor of Penmanship, Card Writer, lecturer on Correspondence, the science of Accounts

Location: Syracuse Commercial College, Syracuse, NY
"PENMANSHIP: In all its forms will be taught by S. M. Basset, who has no superior as a Chirographic artist in the country. This is sustained from the fact that he has-received the first prize on Penmanship at the New York State Fair four successive years, also at the National Mechanics' Institute, Washington, in I857." [383]
and

Bassett, S. M., ornamental penmanship, discretionary diploma at New York State Fair, Albany, October 4, 5, 6, 7, 1859

Location: New York State Fair, Albany, October 4, 5, 6, 7, 1859; Class 7. No. 64., -- Paintings, & c.
See: Documents of the Assembly of the State of New York, Volume 5, By New York (State). Legislature. Assembly, page 643 [384] [385]


1855?
Rufus Lewis, teacher of penmanship

Location: Frankfort, New York?
"b. April 1827; m. Lena Lowell, of Frankfort, N.Y., where he res., a teacher of penmanship; was a soldier in the late war, and lost his right hand. He has since learned to use
his left hand in writing and has held an office in the US Revenue Department." [386]
Source: History of Sanbornton, New Hampshire, Volume 2, By Moses Thurston Runnels Moses, A. Mudge & son, printers, 1881 [387]


1856

James Munroe McCoy, teacher of penmanship,

author, The common school or union system of penmanship : designed for schools of every grade [388]
Locations: Teacher at Lowell Grammar School and Commercial College
Born in Antrim, New Hampshire, June 15, 1817; died February 16, 1879 in Lowell, Massachusetts [389]


1856

Platt Rogers Spencer, Gents


18__

Platt Rogers Spencer, The principles


1856-1863
E. B. Rice, teacher of writing and book-keeping

Location: Albany Academy, Albany, New York [390]


1857
J. M. Folger, professor of penmanship, author of Folger's System of Penmanship

Location: Indianola, Iowa
"FOLGER, J.M., painter and writing teacher; he was born June 23, 1834, in Union county, Indiana; his parents moved to Rush county, Indiana, in 1837; there he grew to manhood, and was :educated in the common schools; he learned his trade in Rushville, Indiana; he came to this county in May, 1857, and settled in this town, and went to work at his trade, which he followed :during the summers since; he being a professor of penmanship, he teaches writing during the winter; he is the author of Folger's System of Penmanship, which is soon to be published; he :has taught forty-three terms in this town during the last twenty years, and ten classes in drawing; he enlisted August 13, 1862, in Company D, 34th Iowa Infantry; he promoted to Hospital :steward in May, 1863, and served to December 22, 1864, when he was discharged for general disability, caused by exposure while in the line of duty; he was born May 27, 1835, in Dayton, :Ohio; they have a family of five children living: Ella K., Emma B., Ida C., Sallie D. and Flors; one son, John P.,
died in infancy." [391]


1857
Charles R. Frailey, writing master

Location: bds Fulton House, Lancaster, Pennsylvania
Source: The Lancaster City Directory, Compiled by William H. Boyd, 1857. Page 34. [392]


1857
Margaret Clark Griffis

Location: Meriwether, near Tiptonville, Tennessee; Japan
"Private teacher, all subjects, for "Isler children at the family's plantation, Meriwether, near Tiptonville, Tennessee"; later, she also taught in Japan[393]


1857-1862 D. Duane McGibbeny, A.M., instructor of vocal music and penmanship

Location: Alfred University, Alfred, New York [394]


1858 Kansas Territory

Books for penmanship: Payson, Dunton and Scribners; "approved by Mr. Noteware, the first superintendent, to be used as texts" cited from
The Herald of Freedom, Lawrence, Kansas, October 16, 1858.
Source: Kansas State Teachers College of Emporia, bulletin of information, February 1942, Vol. 22, No.2, Studies in education number twenty-fourth of the series,
a historical outline of the territorial common schools in the state of Kansas, by Lloyd C. Smith, printed by Kansas State printing plant, W. C. Austin, state printer, Topeka, 1942, 19-2389, page 14. [395]


1859?-1879?
Mrs. Mary L. Hall, teacher of penmanship; educator; poet

Location: Attica, New York
"Hall, Mrs. Mary L., educator, poet, was born May 26, 1839, in St. Helena, N.Y. She was for twenty years a teacher of penmanship at Attica, N.Y., and is the author
of many short stories and a book of poems entitled Live Coal."
Source: Herringshaw's Encyclopedia of American Biography of the Nineteenth Century: Accurate and Succinct Biographies of Famous Men and Women in All Walks of Life who
are Or Have Been the Acknowledged Leaders of Life and Thought of the United States Since Its Formation ..., by Thomas William Herringshaw, 1904, page 438. [396]


1860? This is an estimate the may fall from 1855-1865?
Henry R. Wellman, wagon trimmer, writing master, and exhorter

Location: Laurens, New York
"Henry R. Wellman of Laurens, who was a wagon trimmer, writing master, and exhorter."
Source: Otsego County NY USGenWeb Site, EARLY HISTORY OF THE TOWN OF MILFORD AND OTHER PARTS OF OTSEGO CO. From 1773 to 1903, by EZRA STEVENS, [397]


1860
Bryant & Stratton, best specimen of ornamental penmanship, best specimen of business penmanship, diploma at New York State Fair, Albany, October 4, 5, 6, 7, 1859

Location: New York State Fair, Albany, October 4, 5, 6, 7, 1859; Class 7. No. 64., -- Paintings, & c.
See: Documents of the Assembly of the State of New York, Volume 5, By New York (State). Legislature. Assembly, page 643 [398] [399]


1860
P. M. Collins, teacher of penmanship Born in 1828, married in 1860 census, of Irish descent.

Location: Albany, New York
Source: U.S. 1860 Census, AUSTIN-AUSTEN FAMILIES IN THE U.S. 1860 CENSUS, NEW YORK, by Cheryl Austin Riordan [400]


1860
Lewis R. Gregory, script and fancy lettering, discretionary diploma at New York State Fair, Albany, October 4, 5, 6, 7, 1859

Location: New York State Fair, Albany, October 4, 5, 6, 7, 1859; Class 7. No. 64., -- Paintings, & c.
See: Documents of the Assembly of the State of New York, Volume 5, By New York (State). Legislature. Assembly, page 643 [401] [402]


1860
Gabriel Inman, writing teacher

Location: Burlington County, New Jersey
BURLINGTON CO. NJ, 9 July 1860, PO Beverly, Beverly City, p. 897
897 1 157 166 INMAN Gabriel 39 m w writing teacher NJ [403]


1861?-1893
Walworth, Charles Alexander

Location: Lowville, NY; other locations; New York City

See advertisement and links [[404]] and extended obituary [[405]] 1861-62
Stark Fellows, teacher of Beacon Street School

"lieut., lieut.-col. 4th N.H.R. 2d U.S., colored, graduate of Dartmouth, teacher of Beacon street school during winters of 1861, 1862, eng.: Tampa, Fla. prom to col., died at Key West, May 22, 1864, age 23." [406]
Location: Town and City of Gloucester, Cape Ann, Massachusetts
Source: History of the town and city of Gloucester, Cape Ann, Massachusetts, by Pringle, James R. (James Robert), b. 1862, Publisher Gloucester, Mass. : Published by the author, page 181, [407]


1862

Platt Rogers Spencer, Letter to W D Fuller, front, 1862
Platt Rogers Spencer, Letter to W D Fuller, back, 1862


1863-1881?
Eslie C. Adams, pen artist and teacher of penmanship

Location: South Bend, Indiana; Elhart, Indiana
“Pen artist and teacher of penmanship, born in Wayne County, Ohio, October 9, 1839. Raised in Indiana, Adams studied penmanship under the Platt Rogers Spencer family
in Oberlin (Lorain) in 1861 and 1862. In 1863 he married Phebe Jerusha Spencer and moved to South Bend, Indiana, where he took charge of a business college. After his
wife’s death in 1868, he moved to Elhart, Indiana, remarried, and was still teaching and farming there in 1881. History of Elkhart County, Indiana
(Chicago: C.C. Chapman, 1881), 1116; Information :courtesy of Louise Legeza, Geneva Pub. Lib.”
Source: Artists in Ohio, 1787-1900: A Biographical Dictionary, By Mary Sayre Haverstock, Jeanette Mahoney Vance, Brian L. Meggitt, Jeffrey Weidman, 2000, page 5. [408]



1864
William N. Beardsley, assistant teacher as well as instructor in bookkeeping and penmanship

Location: Emory F Strong's Military Academy, Bridgeport Connecticut
"William N. Beardsley, the only son of the late William S. Beardsley, was born December 19, 1845, in Bridgeport, Conn., and there received his education in the public schools and in Emory F :Strong's Military Academy, where, at the age of nineteen, he became assistant teacher, as well as instructor in book-keeping and penmanship, for at an early age his knowledge of book-:keeping had found him ready employment, so his services were often in demand outside of school hours." [409]



1861?-1913? H. W. (Henry William) Ellsworth, teacher of penmanship in the public schools of New York City, penman

Location: New York City, NY
"After nearly a half century of experience in penmanship Mr H W Ellsworth shows what a young man is still capable of doing to keep up with the course of events In the sixties he was a very young man the first professional instructor of writing in the New York public schools Now he has adapted the moving picture for an educational course of penmanship He has a series of slides and a film of more than 1.000 feet in which he presents this exhibit and he has secured the State and County rights Mr Ellsworth has always been in advance with educational ideas in penmanship and they have always been practical and artistic ideas That is because he is probably to day the oldest and the first living expert and authority in handwriting He was the first special instructor in penmanship in towns like Buffalo Lockport and Detroit and all over the country To him more than any one man is due the influence in the public schools that has given to the past two generations of men and women of the United States the good handwriting that is looked for in an American As far back as the Civil War his methods in Copy Books and Black Boards were the first to show what could be accomplished by those means before later systems had been thought of." [410]



1865-1870
Silencia M. Newcomb

Location: Hiram (Portage) Eclectic Institute, Hiram, Ohio
"Teacher of Spencerian penmanship, born in Ohio in about 1844. A sister of Stata Newcomb, she taught at the Hiram (Portage) Eclectic Institute in 1865 and was still working in Hiram in :1870 as a writing teacher. Her father, Timothy Newcomb, was a farmer." [411]


1866-1876
Mark Sheppard, Ph. M, M.D., business department and penmanship

Location: Alfred University, Alfred, New York [412]


1867
William H. Tripp, professor of penmanship

Location: Vallejo, California

Source: Genealogy of the Child, Childs and Childe Families, of the Past and Present in the United States and the Canadas, from 1630 to 1881. By Elias Child. Published by Higginson Book Company, 1881. [413]
1868
Frances L. Green, teacher of penmanship

Location: 69 Green Street, Room 2. Lawrence School, Boston, Massachussets
Source: Manual of the public schools of the city of Boston [414]


1868-1869 E. Anson Stillman, instructor of book-keeping and penmanship

Location: Alfred University, Alfred, New York [415]



1869


1869
O. V. Aoy, [assumed incorrect] professor of the Spanish language and instructor in phonographic shorthand corresponding and reporting styles

Location: Rohrer’s Commercial College, established, 1849, Incorporated, 1861. Located, 212 N. 4th street.
St. Louis, MO. [416]


1869
W. H.Duff, professor of penmanship and lecturer on commercial correspondence, with an assistant

Location: Rohrer’s Commercial College, established, 1849, Incorporated, 1861. Located, 212 N. 4th street.
St. Louis, MO. [417]


1869
J. H. Hurwood, , professor of penmanship

Location: Rice & Stewart’s Commercial College, St. Louis, MO. [418]


1869
Simon Kohn, , professor of drawing and ornamental penmanship

Location: Rohrer’s Commercial College, established, 1849, Incorporated, 1861. Located, 212 N. 4th street.
St. Louis, MO. [419]


1869
J. P. Metzger, professor of penmanship

Location: Jones' Commercial College of St. Louis, Located on 4th street, corner Locust. Incorporated, January 14th, 1849
St. Louis, MO. [420]


1869
Miss Ciara [Clara?] G.Shepard, teacher of penmanship

Location: Bonham’s Female Seminary, In the City University building, 16th Street, northweast corner Pine.
St. Louis, MO. [421]



1870
M. E. Burnham, instructor in penmanship

Location: Lapham Institute, North Scituate, Rhode Island [422]

1870
R. S. Blackmarr, teacher of penmanship, book-keeping, and vocal music

Location: Wilton Seminary, Wilton Junction, Muscatine County, Iowa [423]


1870 W. A. Drake, professor of penmanship

Location: Hillsdale, Michigan; Hillsdale College [424]



1870
Robert J. Gordon, writing teacher

Location: Brockport, New York
Robert J. Gordon , the 20-year-old son of a Brockport [New York] machinist, served in the 13th NYVI and less than two months after being mustered out enlisted in Company B of this :regiment. He was wounded at Petersburg on June 17, 1864. Yet, still mustered out with the regiment on July 21, 1865. In 1870, he was a writing teacher living in a boardinghouse in :Brockport. [425]



1870
Mr. Hiram M. Pearl, teacher of commercial department and of plain and ornamental penmanship

Location: Evansville Seminary, Evansville, Wisconsin [426]



1870
Miss Ellen A. Perkins, teacher of penmanship; with such other assistance as may be required

Location: Lyndon Literary and Biblical Institution, Lyndon Center, Vermont [Lyndon Literary and Biblical Institution at Lyndon Center Vt ]



1870
I.? W. Roberts, teacher of penmanship

Location: Austin Academy, Strafford Center, New Hampshire [427]



1870
J. W. Roberts, teacher of penmanship

Location: New Hampton Institution, New Hampton, New Hamphshire [428]



1870
Edward Schaub, teacher of map drawing and penmanship

Location: Rochester Institute, Rochester, Wisconsin [429]



1870
G. T. Swasey, teacher of penmanship

Location: Green Mountain Seminary, Waterbury Center, Vermont [430]



1870
Mr. J. W. Titcomb, teacher of Spencerian System of Penmanship

Location: Parsonsfield Seminary, North Parsonsfield, Maine [431]



1870 Charles Turner, teacher of penmanship Location: Evansville Seminary, Evansville, Rock County, Wisconsin [432]

1870
D. M. Waitt, teacher of penmanship and book-keeping

Location: Maine Central Institute, Pittsfleld, Maine [433]



1872
Oliver B. Goldsmith, professor of penmanship

Location: Patchogue, New York?
"Oliver B. Goldsmith, professor of penmanship from New York, respectfully announces to the inhabitants of Patchogue, and adjacent towns, that he will commence a course of writing :lessons, for ladies & gentlemen, on Thursday morning, October 31, 1872, at the parlors of Roe's Hotel" [Patchogue, N.Y.? : s.n., 1872]. American broadsides and ephemera. no. 13193. [434]


1873-1876 James Davidson, A.B., instructor of stenography

Location: Alfred University, Alfred, New York [435]


1874
William H. Wilkins, teacher of penmanship

Location: Perkins School, Green Mountain Perkins Academy, South Woodstock, Winsdor County, Vermont [436] [437]


1876
H. P. Smith, professor of penmanship

Location: School No. 4, evening high school, Ryerson Street, near Myrtle, Brooklyn, NY
Source: The Brooklyn Daily Eagle, Brooklyn, NY [438]


1877-1880
Earl P. Saunders, A.M., instructor of book-keeping and penmanship

Location: Alfred University, Alfred, New York [439]


1878

S W Wetmore, Christmas at Illinois State Penitentiary, 1878


1880-1881
Forrest M. Babcock, instructor of book-keeping and penmanship

Location: Alfred University, Alfred, New York [440]


1884-1886 Isaac W Patton, instructor penmanship

Location: Alfred University, Alfred, New York [441]


1885

Elmer Ward Bloser, Letter 1, page 1
Elmer Ward Bloser, Letter 1, page 2
Elmer Ward Bloser, Letter 1, envelope front

1891

Alva C. Starin, Instructor in penmanship and bookkeeping

Location: Columbian College, Washington D.C. [442]


1894

Morris L. Miner, Instructor in Bookkeeping, Arithemetic, and Penmanship,

Location: Department of Commerce, Pratt Institute, Brooklyn, New York [443]


1897

William H Beacom, Letter to editor penman's art journal, 1897
Clyde C Lister, Letter to William J Kinsely, 1897

1901?
Nina Pearl Hudson, teacher of penmanship

Location: Hartford, CT
"Nina (pronounced with a long ‘i’) Pearl Hudson was born in 1881 to Henry and Hannah Adams Hudson in Providence,
Rhode Island. She received her early education at the St. Johnsbury Academy in St. Johnsbury, Vermont, and La Salle
University in Philadelphia. Her first career, of more than twenty years, was as a teacher of
commercial subjects in Hartford. With her brother she ran Huntsinger Business School on
Asylum Street; she also taught at Morse Business College. Nina was a dynamic and
beloved teacher. She maintained the attention of her mathematics students by rapidly firing
off a problem and calling on one of her students at the crack of her stocking darner on her
desk! She also taught penmanship and her classes wrote their Palmer Method upstrokes
and downstrokes in unison to the rhythm of her count. Nina had exquisite penmanship, and
is the only woman to have had penmanship plates published for five consecutive years. In
addition to engrossing diplomas and other documents, her perfect handwriting led to a
career as a handwriting expert. She served the courts of Hartford where her handwriting
analysis was used in forgery and other criminal cases." [444]


1904
E.A. Banks, expert penman

"E.A. Banks one of the most expert penmen in the country, will have charge of the Special Penmanship Department, and assist in all business departments."
Source: Youth's Companion, Volume 78, No. 27. July 7, 1904. [445]


1904
C. H. Condy, expert penman

"C.H. Condy, expert penman and accountant, for fourteen years manager of the Counting House Department of Burdett College, will be the resident Principal."
Source: Youth's Companion, Volume 78, No. 27. July 7, 1904. [446]



1905

Francis B Courtney, Envelope 1, 1905
Francis B Courtney, Envelope 2, 1905

Dickerson H Farley, Envelope, 1905

O E Hovis, Envelope, 1905

Louis Madarasz, Envelope, 1905

John F Siple, Envelope, 1905

H C Spencer, Envelope, 1905
Frederick W Tamblyn, Envelope, 1905

1910


Charles E. Doner, pemanship instructor,
State Normal School, Salem, Mass.
Also an instructor in the practice school. https://books.google.com/books?id=Bq-gAAAAMAAJ&lpg=PA57&ots=MjutxhLk5A&dq=sewing%20penmanship%20instructor&pg=PA57#v=onepage&q&f=false
Charles E. Doner, formerly of Beverly, has been employed to give instruction in that subject one day each week.
Mr. Doner is a graduate of the Zanerian Art College, Columbus, O[hio]. He has taught in the Spencerian Commercial
School, Cleveland, O[hio], and in the Heffley School of Commerce, Brooklyn. https://books.google.com/books?id=Bq-gAAAAMAAJ&lpg=PA57&ots=MjutxhLk5A&dq=sewing%20penmanship%20instructor&pg=PA58#v=onepage&q&f=false]
Clara Ellen Townsend, Ph.B., shorthand, arithmetic, penmanship instructor
State Normal School, Salem, Mass. https://books.google.com/books?id=Bq-gAAAAMAAJ&lpg=PA57&ots=MjutxhLk5A&dq=sewing%20penmanship%20instructor&pg=PA57#v=onepage&q&f=false



1920

Ralph E. Rowe, Penmanship instructor, evening high school
4 Clifton Street, Portland, Maine[447]

Ruth E. Roberts, Stenography instructor, evening high school 658A Congress Street, Portland, Maine [448]

Edith W. Smith, Stenography instructor,evening high school
109 Pearl Street, Portland, Maine [449]

Ethel M. Straw, Stenography instructor, evening high school
120 Park Street, Portland, Maine [450]

Carrie A Wills, Stenography instructor, evening high school
Belmeade Street, Portland, Maine [451]


1939

Nan Jay Barchowsky, Elementary school essay, India, 1939

1950, approximate

Nan Jay Barchowsky, Recipe, Cheesecake pie, 1950

2014

Nan Jay Barchowsky, Note, A quick brown fox, 2014



People for whom dates and more information are elusive


Charles O. Kimball, teacher of penmanship Location: West Townshend, Windham County, Vermont

"r3i teacher of penmanship" [452]



William H. Rhoades, teacher of bookkeeping and penmanship

Location: Lockport, New York
Educated at Bryant and Stratton Business College, Buffalo, New York [453]



William M. Mead, writing teacher

Location: Twinsburg, Ohio
"William M Mead had cheese factory on Hudson road writing teacher 50 yrs had Adeline M who m PE Alvord and who was court stenographer in CI" [454]


1860 John M. Pierce, teacher of penmanship ":Location: Oberlin, Ohio; age 48 1726 543 557 John M. Pierce 48 Male teacher of penmanship 800 570 NY [455]